François de Chateaubriand

Mémoires d’Outre-Tombe: Index Y


Yarmouth, Great Yarmouth, England

A resort and port in Eastern England, in Norfolk, it lies at the mouth of the River Yare, and was once a major herring-fishing port.

BkX:Chap7:Sec1 Mentioned. It had no newspaper as such. Edward Gillingwater, librarian at Harleston, was writing a History of Suffolk, and left material for it at his death in 1813.

York, Cardinal of, seeStuart

York, Frederick Augustus, Duke of

1763-1827. Commander-in-chief of the British Army (1798-1809). The second son of George III, he led two unsuccessful campaigns in the French Revolutionary Wars. He also opposed Catholic emancipation and is best known from the nursery rhyme as ‘the grand old duke of York’.

BkX:Chap4:Sec1 President of the Literary Fund, founded in 1790, active from 1793. Chateaubriand attended the annual meeting on the 21st of May 1822.

BkX:Chap7:Sec1 BkXXVII:Chap5:Sec1 Chateaubriand gave a banquet for him, 26th May 1822. Chateaubriand had been at Covent Garden with him on 17th May.

BkXXVII:Chap5:Sec1 Mentioned.

Yorck (or York), Hans David Ludwig, Graf von Wartenburg

1759-1830. A Prussian army officer, he commanded the Prussian auxiliary corps sent to aid in the campaign of the French emperor Napoleon I against Russia (1812). When he realized that the expedition was doomed to failure he withdrew on his own responsibility from the fighting and concluded the Convention of Tauroggen with the Russians. His action was lauded by nationalistic Prussians. King Frederick William III of Prussia subsequently approved his act, and Prussia entered the coalition against Napoleon. Yorck defeated (1813) a French force at Wartenburg in Saxony, thus earning his title.

BkXXI:Chap7:Sec1 His departure from the French ranks.

Young, Arthur

1741-1820. An English agriculturist, his writings hastened the progress of scientific farming. He travelled widely, always observing techniques of farming. In 1784, Young founded the periodical Annals of Agriculture and edited it through 1808. Among his other works are three accounts of tours in England (1768–71) and Travels during the Years 1787, 1788, 1789, and 1790 (1792–94).

BkXII:Chap4:Sec1 Chateaubriand quotes from Young’s Travels for 1st September 1788 when he visited Combourg which was then owned by Chateaubriand’s brother and unoccupied.