Homer - The Iliad


Rhadamanthus, Rhadamanthys

Brother to Minos of Crete. Appointed one of the three judges of the dead by Zeus, with Minos, and Aeacus.

BkXIV292 His mother was Europa, his father Zeus.


The wife and sister of Cronos, she bore him the elder gods and goddesses; Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, Zeus and Poseidon.

BkXIV135 Mentioned as mother of Hera.

BkXV149 The mother of Zeus, Poseidon and Hades who co-rule the world.


The mother of Medon by Oileus.

BkII681 Mentioned.

Rhesus, in the Troad

A river flowing from the Ida range.

BkXII1 After the war, Poseidon diverted its streams to destroy the Greek wall.

Rhesus, the Thracian king

A son of King Eïoneus of Thrace, he was an ally of the Trojans. He had a noted team of horses.

BkX412 Dolon identifies his camp.

BkX465 BkX515 He is killed in his sleep by Diomedes.


A Trojan.

BkXX455 Killed by Achilles.


A city in Arcadia.

BkII581 Mentioned.


A Greek island approximately 18 kilometres (11 m) southwest of Turkey in the eastern Aegean Sea, it is the largest of the Dodecanese.

BkII645 Its contingent at Troy.


A river flowing from the Ida range. The River Rhodios had its headwaters in the foothills of Mount Ida near the town of Astyra, flowing through the region of Dardania, to finally empty into the waters of the Hellespont near Abydos.

BkXII1 After the war, Poseidon diverted its streams to destroy the Greek wall.


A city in ancient Crete.

BkII645 Mentioned


The island, in eastern Greece, lies in the Saronic Gulf, west of Athens. It early belonged to Aegina but was later under Athenian control, except for a brief period after it was occupied (c.600 BC) by Megara. In the Persian Wars the allied Greek fleet, led by Themistocles, decisively defeated (480 BC) the Persians off Salamis.

BkII484 Its contingent of troops for Troy.

BkVII161 The birthplace of Ajax the Greater.

Same, Samos

An island near Ithaca. Probably modern Kefallonia.

BkII581 Mentioned.

Samothrace, Samos

The island in the northern Aegean which contained a sanctuary to the Great Gods: a corresponding set of mysteries was practised there.

BkXIII1 Poseidon gazes at Troy from there.

BkXXIV77 Thetis’ sea-cave is between Samothrace and Imbros.

BkXXIV718 Its slave-market.


The Sakarya (Sangarius) river in Asia Minor, is the third longest river of Turkey, and runs through ancient Phrygia. The source of the river is the Bayat Plateau which is located to the northeast of Afyon. The river runs through the Adapazarı Plains before reaching the Black Sea.

BkIII181 Mentioned.

BkXVI684 Dymas lived beside its banks.


A son of Zeus by Laodameia, or according to others of Evander by Deidameia, and a brother of Clarus and Themon, he was a Lycian prince. In the Trojan War, he was an ally of the Trojans, and distinguished himself by his valour.

BkII811 BkVI119 Mentioned.

BkV431 He exhorts Hector to fight.

BkV590 He kills Tlepolemus who wounds him, and is saved by Hector.

BkXII80 He is a leader of the fifth company, the allies of Troy.

BkXII290 BkXII378 He leads the charge on the gates.

BkXIV402 He goes to aid the wounded Hector.

BkXV1 Zeus predicts his death at the hands of Patroclus.

BkXVI257 Atymnius and Maris, were his comrades.

BkXVI351 He reproaches his Lycians for fleeing.

BkXVI426 BkXVI508 BkXVI569 He is killed by Patroclus, Apollo and Sleep and Death remove his corpse at Zeus’ command.

BkXVII140 His corpse was taken to Lycia from the battlefield.

BkXXIII799 His armour is used as a prize in the funeral games.

Satnioeis, Satnioïs

The modern Tuzla, the river rises in the western part of Mt Ida, south of the plain of Bairamich, from which its valley is divided by hills, and, after flowing for many miles almost parallel with the south coast of the Troad, from which, at Assus, it is less than a mile distant, it enters the Aegean about 10 m. north of Cape Lectum.

BkVI1 BkXXI34 Pedasus was on its banks.

BkXIV402 Satnius was born to a Naiad by its banks.


The Trojan son of Enops and a Naiad.

BkXIV402 Killed by Ajax the Lesser.

Scaean Gate

One of the main gates of Troy, it was possibly the south-eastern gate in the Level VI/VIIa excavations at Hissarlik.

BkIII121 BkIII245 BkVI369 BkXVI684 Mentioned.

BkVI237 BkXI163 The oak tree (presumably sacred to Zeus) by the Gate is mentioned.

BkIX307 Hector had previously stayed close to the Gate and the tree, according to Achilles.

BkXVIII368 The struggle over Patroclus’ body took place before the gate.

BkXXII1 BkXXII188 Hector awaits Achilles there.

BkXXII247 Hector prophesies that Achilles will be killed there.

Scamander, Xanthus

A river god, son of Oceanus and Tethys according to Hesiod, Scamander is also deemed a son of Zeus. By Idaea, he fathered King Teucer. Scamander fought on the side of the Trojans, and in this context, is the personification of the Scamander River that flowed from Mount Ida across the plain beneath the city of Troy, joining the Hellespont north of the city. He was called Xanthus by gods and Scamander by men.

BkII394 BkV1 The river plain before Troy.

BkV767 BkVI1 BkVII313 One of the two great rivers of the plain.

BkVIII489 The Trojans camp between it and the Greek ships.

BkXI489 Hector fights by the river, on the Trojan left flank.

BkXII1 After the war, Poseidon diverted its streams to destroy the Greek wall.

BkXIV402 The wounded Hector rests there. The river-god is deemed a son of Zeus.

BkXX1 The river-god supports the Trojans.

BkXXI1 Achilles drives the Trojans into its waters.

BkXXI34 Achilles hurls Lycaon’s body into its waters. The Trojans sacrificed bulls to the river-god, and threw live horses into the river.

BkXXI136 The river-god is angered at Achilles’ slaughter, and aids Asteropaeus.

BkXXI200 He opposes Achilles, and sends his flood after him.

BkXXI298 BkXXI383 Opposed by Hephaestus’ flames, he capitulates and vows not to aid the Trojans.

BkXXI526 Apollo leads Achilles towards the river.

BkXXII131 Two springs form its source, one hot, one cold (here symbolising life and death?).

BkXXIV677 Priam returns there bringing Hector’s body back to Troy.


See Astyanax

BkVI369 Hector’s name for his son.


See Strophius

A Trojan, the son of Strophius.

BkV1 He is killed by Menelaus.


Skandia was the ancient port of the island of Cythera, near modern Mitata.

BkX254 A home port of Amphidamas.


A Locrian city.

BkII484 Mentioned.

Schedius, son of Iphitus

A son of Iphitus by Hippolyte, he commanded the Phocians in the war against Troy, along with his brother Epistrophus.

BkII484 A leader of the Phocians.

BkXVII262 He is killed by Hector.

Schedius, son of Perimedes

A Phocian.

BkXV514 He is killed by Hector.


A Boeotian city.

BkII484 Mentioned.


A Boeotian city.

BkII484 Mentioned.

Scyros, Scyrus

An island in the central Aegean off the coast of Euboea, it was ruled by Pyrrhus.

BkXIX282 Neoptolemus (Pyrrhus) was raised there, and became its king.

Scyrus, in Phrygia

A city allied to Troy, captured by Achilles.

BkIX656 Iphis was from there.


Father of Amphius.

BkV590 Mentioned.


See Evenus

BkII681 Mentioned, father of Evenus of Lyrnessus.

Selleis, in Elis

A river rising in Mount Pholoe (according to Strabo), and falling into the sea south of the Pheneus, in Elis.

BkII645 Mentioned.

BkXV514 King Euphetes ruled there.

Selleis, in the Troad

A river in the Troad, near Arisbe.

BkII811 BkXII80 Mentioned.

Selli, Seloi, Elloi, Elli

The priests, interpreters of the oracle of Zeus at Dodona, who avoid washing their feet and sleep on the ground. (Suggesting that they are adherents of the earlier worship of Dione the earth-goddess?)

BkII681 Mentioned.


A daughter of Cadmus and Harmonia, at Thebes, she was a sister of Ino, Agave, Autonoë, and Polydorus. She was beloved by Zeus, and jealous Hera induced her to pray Zeus to visit her in the same splendour with which he appeared to Hera herself. Zeus who had promised that he would grant her every request, appeared to Semele as the god of thunder. Semele was consumed by lightning, but Zeus saved their child Dionysus.

BkXIV292 Mother of Dionysus by Zeus.


Ancient Sesamus, modern Amasra, is a small Black Sea port town in the Bartın Province of Turkey.

BkII811 Mentioned.


An ancient city on the Thracian shore of the Hellespont (now Dardanelles) opposite Abydos (in present-day Turkey).

BkII811 Mentioned.


An ancient city near Corinth, the site of modern Sikyona village southwest of Kiato township.

BkII484 Mentioned.

BkXXIII262 Home of Echepolus. Famous for its horses.


The coastal city of the Phoenicians, in the Lebanon.

BkVI237 A source of dyed and embroidered cloth. (Tyrian and Sidonian scarlet and purple dyes were obtained from sea-snails)

BkXXIII740 The beauty of a silver bowl attributed to its Sidonbian craftsmanship.


A Trojan, the son of Anthemion, named from the river Simois.

BkIV473 Killed by Ajax the Greater.


The river-god and river Simois, which flows from Mount Ida, and in the plain of Troy joins the Xanthus or Scamander.

BkIV473 Simoeisius named from the river.

BkV767 BkVI1 BkXX1 One of the two great rivers of the plain.

BkXII1 After the war, Poseidon diverted its streams to destroy the Greek wall.

BkXXI298 The River Xanthus (Scamander) asks for his help.


The islanders of Lemnos. Hecataeus claims the earliest inhabitants as a Thracian tribe, whom the Greeks called Sintians, ‘the robbers’.

BkI568 They aided Hephaestus.


Situated near the city of Manisa in Turkey’s Aegean Region its summit towers over the city of Manisa and the road to İzmir. Located in ancient Lydia, it rises above the site of Magnesia ad Sipylum (in the southern portion of modern Manisa), on the Hermus River (Gediz River). The tragic Niobe is associated with the Weeping Rock (Ağlayan Kaya), a natural formation facing the city.

BkXXIV552 Niobe, turned to stone, stands there.


The son of Aeolus, and brother of Athamas, he was famous for his cunning and thievery. He was punished in Hades, continually having to push a stone to the top of a hill, and then pursuing it as it rolled down again.

BkVI119 The father of Glaucus.


See Apollo

BkI22 Robert Graves speculates that the god was worshipped as Mouse (Sminthos) Apollo in Crete. See The Greek Myths 158.2 for an elaboration of the theory.


A wealthy Trojan, son of Hippasus.

BkXI401 Killed by Odysseus.


The Solymi or Solymoi were inhabitants of Milyas in Asia Minor, whose lands were taken by the Lycians.

BkVI119 Bellerephon and his son Isander were killed fighting them.


The chief city of Laconia on the River Eurotas, in the southern Peloponnese, also called Lacadaemon. The home of Menelaus and Helen.

BkII581 Mentioned.

BkIV1 A city beloved of the goddess Hera.


BkXVIII1 A Nereid.

Sperchius, Spercheius

The River Spercheios had its headwaters in the Pindaros range of mountains. It flowed into the Gulf of Malis. The most important neighbouring rivers were the Peneus and Anauros of Thessalia to the north, and the Cephisos of Boiotia and Phokis in the south.

BkXVI155 The father of Menesthius.

BkXXIII108 Peleus had made a vow to the river.


The father of Iasus.

BkXV328 Mentioned.


A herald of the Greeks at Troy, his voice was as loud as that of fifty other men together. His name became proverbial.

BkV767 Hera imitates his loud voice.


A Trojan or Lycian, son of Ithaemenes.

BkXVI569 Killed by Patroclus.

Sthenelus, son of Capaneus

A son of Capaneus and Evadne, he belonged to the family of the Anaxagoridae in Argos, and was the father of Cylarabes. He was one of the Epigoni, by whom Thebes was taken, and commanded the Argives under Diomedes, in the Trojan War, being the faithful friend and companion of Diomedes.

BkII484 A leader of the Argives.

BkIV326 BkIV422 Agamemnon urges him to fight and he responds.

BkV84 BkV239 BkV297 BkV767 BkVIII112 BkIX1 A companion charioteer of Diomedes.

BkXXIII499 He claims the first prize for the chariot race on behalf of Diomedes.

Sthenelus, son of Perseus

BkXIX74 The father of Eurystheus.


He was a commander of the Athenians in the war.

BkXIII136 Mentioned.

BkXIII643 He fights to repel the Trojan attack.

BkXV328 He is killed by Hector.


A city in Arcadia.

BkII581 Mentioned.


BkV1 The father of Scamandrius.


A city in Arcadia, south of modern Stymfalia village west of Kaliani.

BkII581 Mentioned.


A city of the Abantes, near the modern port of Nea Styra.

BkII484 Mentioned.


A river of the underworld, with its lakes and pools, used to mean the underworld or the state of death itself. Geographically it is usually sited in Arcadia, but the Titaressus in Thessaly is here described as flowing from its underworld stream.

BkII681 BkVIII335 Mentioned.

BkXIV224 BkXV1 The gods swore by the Styx, and even Zeus was bound by such an oath. Hera swears an oath.

Sun-god, Helius, see Hyperion


Modern Symi Island 41km north northwest of Rhodes in the Dodecanese chain.

BkII645 Mentioned.


A Maeonian, the father of Antiphus and Mesthles.

BkII811 Mentioned.


A son of Bias and Pero, and king of Argos. He was married to Lysimache. He was one of the Argonauts.

BkII484 BkXXIII651 Father of Mecisteus.


Herald to Agamemnon.

BkI318 He is sent to seize Briseis.

BkIII58 He is sent to fetch a sacrifical lamb.

BkIV127 He is sent to fetch Machaon.

BkVII233 He intervenes in the combat.

BkXIX145 He is nominated to prepare a sacrificial boar.

BkXIX238 He attends at the sacrifice.

BkXXIII884 He receives the king’s prize from Achilles.


The River Pactolus flowed from the fountain of Tarne in the Tmolus Mountains, through the centre of Sardis, into the Hermus. This may be the Tarne referred to.

BkV1 Borus was from there.


A Locrian city near modern Agios Konstantinos.

BkII484 Mentioned.


The deepest abyss, it is also a place of punishment.

BkVIII1 It lies beneath Hades which is the primary realm of the dead.

BkVIII438 BkXIV224 Cronos and Iapetus are imprisoned there in the darkness.


BkV1 The father of Phereclus.


A city in Arcadia, within modern Stadio.

BkII581 Mentioned.


The son of Aeacus, he was a companion of Heracles, one of the Calydonian hunters and an Argonaut.

BkII484 BkIV473 BkXIII643 By Periboea or Eriboea, a daughter of Alcathous, he became the father of Ajax. He was one of the Calydonian hunters and of the Argonauts.

BkVIII273 BkXIII136 Teucer is his natural son, and half-brother to Ajax the Greater.


The son of Odysseus and Penelope.

BkII211 BkIV326 He is mentioned.


An island in the Aegean, near the Trojan coast.

BkI22 BkI428 Sacred to Apollo.

BkXI596 Ruled by Arsinous, and taken by Achilles.

BkXIII1 Mentioned.


King of the Magnetes from Pelion and the river Peneius. The father of Prothous.

BkII681 Mentioned.


A mountain city in ancient Mysia. Strabo says ‘As for the mountain of Tereia, some say that it is the range of mountains in Peirossus which are occupied by the Cyziceni and are adjacent to Zeleia, where a royal hunting ground was arranged by the Lydians, and later by the Persians, but others point out a hill forty stadia from Lampsacus, on which there is a temple sacred to the mother of the gods, entitled Tereia’s temple.’

BkII811 Mentioned.


The wife and sister of Oceanus, she was goddess of the sea.

BkXIV135 She nursed the infant Hera according to Homer.

BkXIV292 Hera pretends to be about to visit Oceanus and Tethys.


A son of Telamon and Hesione, of Crete, was a step-brother of Ajax, and the best archer among the Greeks at Troy.

BkVI1 He kills Aretaon.

BkVIII212 He attacks the Trojans, firing his arrows from the protection of Ajax’s shield.

BkVIII273 He kills Orsilochus, Ormenus, Ophelestes, Daetor, Chromius, Lycophontes, Amopaon, and Melanippus. He is then wounded by Hector.

BkXII329 He fights alongside Ajax to defend the Greek wall.

BkXII378 BkXVI508 He wounds Glaucus.

BkXIII81 He is roused by Poseidon.

BkXIII136 He kills Imbrius.

BkXIII239 He defends the Greek centre.

BkXIV458 He kills Prothoön and Periphetes.

BkXV281 He forms part of the group of leaders opposing Hector.

BkXV379 He kills Cleitus.

BkXV458 His bowstring is broken by Zeus.

BkXXIII850 He competes in the archery but forgets his vow to Apollo.


Father of Lethus.

BkII811 Mentioned.

Teuthras, a Greek

A Greek from Magnesia.

BkV703 Killed by Hector or Ares.

Teuthras, a Trojan

BkVI1 The father of Axylus.


BkXVIII1 A Nereid.


A son of Eurytus, and one of the leaders of the Epeians in the Trojan War.

BkII581 Mentioned.


See Echepolus

BkIV422 A Trojan, the father of Echepolus.


An ancient Thracian bard, he was a son of Philammon and the nymph Argiope. He boasted he could surpass the Muses in song; in consequence of which he was deprived of his sight and of the power of singing.

BkII581 Mentioned.

Thanatos, Death

The personification of death, and brother of Hypnos, Sleep.

BkXIV224 BkXVI426 Mentioned.

BkXVI569 He and his brother carry Sarpedon’s body to Lycia.


A city in Thessaly near Mount Pelion.

BkII681 Mentioned.


A daughter of Cisses, she was the wife of Antenor, and a priestess of Athena at Troy.

BkV1 Mentioned.

BkVI237 She leads the prayer at the shrine of Athene.

BkXI218 Mother of Iphidamas.


BkVIII112 The father of Eniopeus.


The city in Egypt, on the Nile.

BkIX307 Hundred-gated and noted for its wealth.


The city in north-central Greece was founded by Cadmus. It was a Boeotian city on the site of modern Thiva.

BkII484 Mentioned.

BkIV326 BkVI119 The War of the Seven against Thebes is mentioned.

BkV767 BkX254 Tydeus went there as a messenger.

BkXIV82 Tydeus buried there.

BkXIV292 BkXIX74 Amphitryon and Alcmene fled to Thebes where Zeus impersonated Amphitryon and seduced her, fathering Heracles.

BkXXIII651 Oedipus was king there.

Thebes, Thebe, Placia or Hypoplacia, in Mysia

An ancient town in Mysia, it lay at the southern foot of Mt. Placus, often mentioned by Homer. Ruled by Eetion.

BkI357 BkII681 BkVI369 Sacked by Achilles.

BkXXII405 It was ruled by Eëtion, Andromache’s father.


The goddess of justice and law, in Greek mythology also a Titaness, she was co-ruler of the planet Jupiter (Zeus), and daughter of heaven and earth. Her daughters are the Seasons and the Three Fates. She is the Triple-Goddess with prophetic powers.

BkXV78 She greets Hera on Olympus, and questions her.

BkXX1 She is sent by Zeus to gather the divinities to assembly.


A Trojan ally.

BkXVII198 Hector rouses him to battle.

BkXXI200 He is killed by Achilles.


An ugly dissenter from the ranks, he is suppressed by Odysseus.

BkII211 His criticism of Agamemnon and its result.


King of Athens, son of Aegeus. His mother was Aethra, daughter of Pittheus king of Troezen.

BkI223 He fought at the marriage feast of Peirithous.


A Boeotian city.

BkII484 Mentioned.


A son of Heracles and Chalciope, he was the father of Pheidippus and Antiphus.

BkII645 Mentioned.


See Enops

The son of Enops.

BkXVI351 A Trojan killed by Patroclus.


See Alcmaeon

BkXII378 The father of Alcmaon.


See Calchas

BkI53 Mentioned.


The Nereid and the wife of Peleus, she was the mother of Achilles. She was the daughter of Nereus, the Old Man of the Sea.

BkI318 Achilles prays to her.

BkI428 She promises to plead with Zeus.

BkI488 BkI531 BkVIII335 BkXIII330 BkXV1 BkXV565 She pleads with Zeus on behalf of her son Achilles.

BkIV473 BkX349 BkXI762 BkXVI1 BkXVI777 BkXVII1 BkXVIII310 BkXX75 BkXX153 BkXXIV349 The mother of Achilles.

BkVI119 She protected Dionysus.

BkIX307 She had told Achilles of the prophecy that he would have a short life and fame, or a long life and obscurity.

BkXVI210 She had given Achilles a chest filled with warm clothing.

BkXVI569 The wife of Peleus.

BkXVII384 BkXXI200 She had warned Achilles’ that he would not take Troy.

BkXVIII1 She responds to Achilles’ sorrow over Patroclus.

BkXVIII78 She prophesies Achilles’ death and promises him a gift of fresh armour.

BkXVIII148 BkXVIII368 She journeys to Olympus to ask Hephaestus for armour. She had helped rescue Hephaestus when he was hurled from Olympus.

BkXVIII468 She takes Achilles his new armour.

BkXIX1 She preserves Patroclus’ corpse.

BkXXIII1 She arouses grief for Patroclus in the Myrmidons.

BkXXIV1 Zeus summons her.

BkXXIV77 BkXXIV552 She persuades Achilles to release Hector’s body.


A Boeotian city, it lay on the site of the modern village of Thisvi near Domvrena.

BkII484 Mentioned.

Thoas, father of Hypsipyle

A son of Dionysus and Ariadne, he was king of Lemnos and married to Myrina, by whom he became the father of Hypsipyle and Sicinus.

BkXIV224 Mentioned.

BkXXIII740 He was given a Phoenician silver bowl.


Son of Andraemon and Gorge, he was king of Calydon and Pleuron, in Aetolia, and sailed with forty ships against Troy.

BkII581 Mentioned.

BkIV473 He kills Peiros the Thracian leader.

BkVII161 He offers to fight Hector in single combat.

BkXIII81 He is roused by Poseidon.

BkXIII206 Poseidon adopts his guise to rouse Idomeneus.

BkXV281 He advises the Greeks on resisting Hector’s advance.

BkXIX238 He accompanies Odysseus to bring the gifts.

Thoas, a Trojan

BkXVI257 Killed by Menelaus.


BkXVIII1 A Nereid.

Thoön, son of Phaenops

BkV84 Killed by Diomedes.

Thoön, a Trojan

BkXI401 Killed by Odysseus.

Thoön, a Trojan

BkXII80 He helps lead the attack on the Greek wall.

BkXIII526 Killed by Antilochus.


A Greek herald.

BkXII329 He is sent to Ajax to ask for assistance.


The country bordering the Black Sea, and the north-eastern Aegean.

BkII811 The Thracian contingent to the war.

BkIV473 BkXX455 The Thracians are led by Peiros.

BkVI1 Acamas is a Thracian.

BkVI237 Lycurgus was king of the Edones there.

BkIX1 The North and West Winds (Boreas and Zephyrus) blow from there. The Greeks receive wine from there.

BkXI218 Iphidamas reared there at the court of Cisses.

BkXIII1 The Thracians were noted horsemen.

BkXIII239 Ares the war-god is located (worshipped) there.

BkXXIII192 The Thracian Sea is the Black Sea.

BkXXIII799 A Thracian sword given as a prize.

Thrasius, a Paeonian

BkXXI200 He is killed by Achilles.


One of Nestor’s sons, by Anaxibia, he accompanied his father on the expedition against Troy, and returned with him to Pylos.

BkIX79 He leads a contingent of guards on sentry duty.

BkX254 He acts as squire to Diomedes.

BkXIV1 Nestor borrows his shield.

BkXVI257 He kills Maris.

BkXVII319 He is unaware of Patroclus’ death.

BkXVII656 Menelaus sends him to take over from Antilochus.


Charioteer and squire to Sarpedon.

BkXVI426 He is killed by Patroclus.


A Locrian city.

BkII484 Mentioned.


Thryon, a city in ancient Elis.

BkXI655 Besieged in the war between Elis and Pylos.


A city in Messinia.

BkII581 Mentioned.


The son of Pelops and brother of Atreus. The blood feud between Thyestes and Atreus led to a fatal chain of events.

BkII48 Recipient of the sceptre made by Hephaestus.


A Trojan prince.

BkXI299 Killed by Diomedes.


An inland location near Troy, it was perhaps a town or river or a sacred wood of Apollo Thymbraean.

BkX412 Mentioned.


One of the elders of Troy.

BkIII121 Mentioned.


A city of the Argolid, near Argos.

BkII484 Mentioned.


The sons and daughters of Uranus and Ge, the Titans are Oceanus, Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus, Cronus, Theia, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe, and Tethys.

BkXIV224 Cronos and Iapetus were imprisoned beneath Tartarus.

Titanus, Titanos

A mountain range and city in Thessaly. Modern Tyrnavos?

BkII681 Mentioned.


A major tributary of the Peneios, it flowed south from the foothills of Mounts Olympos and Titanos (or Titarios), through the northern half of Thessalia, to merge with the Peneios near the Lapith capital of Gyrtone. The river was also known as the Europos.

BkII681 Mentioned.


The son of Laomedon, husband of Eos, the Dawn, he was father of Memnon.

BkXI1 BkXX153 Mentioned.

Tlepolemus, son of Damastor

BkXVI351 A Trojan killed by Patroclus.

Tlepolemus, son of Heracles

A son of Heracles by Astyoche, the daughter of Phylas. Tlepolemus was king of Argos, but after slaying his uncle Licymnius, he was obliged to take flight, and commanded by the oracle, settled in Rhodes, where he built the towns of Lindos, Ialysos and Cameiros.

BkII645 Leader of the contingent from Rhodes at Troy.

BkV590 He wounds Sarpedon but is killed by him in turn.


Mount Tmolus (modern Bozdağ) lies in ancient Lydia (in modern-day Turkey), with Sardis at its foot and Hypaepa on its southern slope.

BkII811 BkXX353 Mentioned.


An ancient city near modern Thermopyles southeast of Lamia, in Hellas.

BkII681 Mentioned.


An Aetolian spearman.

BkV703 Killed by Hector or Ares.

Tricca, Trica

A Thessalonian city, it lay northeast of modern Trikkala.

BkII681 Mentioned.

BkIV198 The home of Machaon.


See Athene

The worship and, variously, the birth and primary locale of Athene were associated with the Tritonian Lake, located in Libya (or alternatively Boeotia or Crete). Plato considered her an incarnation of Neith the Libyan goddess.

BkIV473 BkVIII1 BkXXII131 Her epithet.


A city and region of the Argolid, it lay on the Saronic Gulf. Modern Trizina village is near Galatas town-ship.

BkII484 Mentioned.


Father of Euphemus.

BkII811 Mentioned.


A son of Priam.

BkXXIV200 His father bemoans his loss.

Tros, son of Alastor

A Trojan.

BkXX455 Killed by Achilles.

Tros, son of Erichthonius

A son of Erichthonius and Astyoche, and a grandson of Dardanus, he was married to Calirrhoë, by whom he became the father of Ilus, Assaracus and Ganymedes, and was king of Phrygia. The country and people of Troy derived their name from him. He gave up his son Ganymedes to Zeus for a gift of horses.

BkV166 BkV239 BkVIII53 BkXXIII262 A reference to the horse breed descended from Zeus’ gift.

BkXX153 An ancestor of Aeneas.

Trojans, Troy

Troy is the district named after Dardanus’s son Tros, in northern Asia Minor, modern Turkey. The name is commonly used for the city of Ilus, Ilium, named after Ilus the son of Dardanus. The site (Hissarlik), near the northern Aegean Sea and the entrance to the Hellespont, was excavated by Schliemann.

BkI101 BkII1 Zeus holds the fate of the city in his hands.

BkI148 Achilles stresses that he has no personal quarrel with the Trojans.


Of Hyle, a mythical currier and artificer, (skutotomôn uch aristos), the maker of Ajax’s shield of seven ox-hides, covered with a plate of bronze.

BkVII161 Mentioned.


King of Argos, father of Diomedes by Deipyle. A son of Oeneus and Periboea he was king of Calydon, and one of the princes who joined Polyneices in the expedition against Thebes, where he died.

BkII394 BkIV326 BkV1 BkVII161 BkX465 BkXVI1 BkXXIII262 Father of Diomedes.

BkV84 Athene endows Diomedes with his father’s strength.

BkV767 BkX254 He went to Thebes as a messenger.

BkXIV82 Buried at Thebes.


Typhon, a monster of the primitive world, is described sometimes as a destructive hurricane, and sometimes as a fire-breathing giant.

BkII760 Mentioned.


One of the elders of Troy, whose house was burnt at the destruction of the city.

BkIII121 Mentioned.

Wain, Amaxa

The Wagon. A name for the constellation of the Great Bear.

Xanthus, horse of Achilles

An immortal horse sired by Zephyrus, the West Wind, on Podarge.

BkXVI101 One of Achilles’ two immortal horses, the other is Balius.

BkXVII384 He weeps for Patroclus.

BkXIX338 Given the power of utterance by Hera, he prophesies Achilles’ death.

Xanthus, horse of Hector

BkVIII157 One of Hector’s horses.

Xanthus River of Troy

See Scamander

Xanthus, or Xanthos in Lycia

Xanthos was the name of the capital city of ancient Lycia, and its river, the site of present day Kınık, Turkey, beside the Eşen Çayı River. In early sources, ‘Xanthos’ is used synonymously for Lycia as a whole.

BkII811 Mentioned.

BkV431 BkXII290 Home of Sarpedon.

BkVI119 Bellerephon is sent to the royal court there.

Xanthus, son of Phaenops

BkV84 Killed by Diomedes.


An island near Ithaca. Probably modern Zante, twenty miles south of Ithaca (Thiaki).

BkII581 Mentioned.


A city of Lycian foundation on the slopes of Ida.

BkII811 Mentioned.

BkIV68 City of Pandarus, and a site sacred to Apollo.


The West Wind, bringer of light breezes in spring and early summer.

BkXIX338 Father of the immortal horses of Achilles.

BkXXI298 Hera summons a westerly wind from the sea.

BkXXIII192 Achilles calls for his help.


The King of the Gods, a son of Cronos and Rhea, his wife is Hera. Zeus, a sky-god, was worshipped at Dodona, in the sacred oracular oak grove, where his cult succeeded the earlier cult of the Great Goddess, as Dione. He shares dominion of the world with his brothers Poseidon who rules the sea, and Hades who rules the Dead.

BkI1 The Trojan War was willed by him.

BkI53 Dreams come from him.

BkI101 The outcome of the war determined by him.

BkI148 Called the lord of counsel.

BkI188 Bearer, of the aegis, the shield of Zeus or Pallas Athena, which was fashioned by Hephaestus, furnished with golden tassels and carried the Gorgoneion (the Gorgon head) in the central boss.

BkI223 The law-giver.

BkI318 BkII394 BkII760 BkX299 BkXIII788 BkXIV1 BkXV379 The Thunderer. Heralds are his ambassadors. Iris is his messenger and that of the gods.

BkI357 The son of Cronos, he was once attacked and bound by the Olympians.

BkI428 Thetis promises to plead with him.

BkI488 Thetis petitions him. Called the cloud-gatherer. His nod is final.

BkI531 BkI568 Zeus admonishes Hera.

BkII1 BkII109 He sends a false dream to Agamemnon.

BkII188 BkIX79 He favours kings, and gives them power of command.

BkII278 He sent a sign portending the ten year war at Aulis.

BkII333 BkVII379 BkVIII273 Agamemnon invokes him.

BkII484 BkII581 The Muses are his daughters, by Mnemosyne.

BkII484 Athene, is his daughter, favouring the Greeks.

BkIII245 The subject of sacrificial prayers before the duel.

BkIII310 BkXIV135 Aphrodite is his daughter, favouring the Trojans.

BkIV1 He allows Hera to prolong the war.

BkIV198 He detests oath-breakers.

BkV352 He soothes Aphrodite after she is wounded.

BkV703 Hera complains to him about Ares.

BkV846 Ares complains to him of his wound.

BkVI119 He blinded Lycurgus.

BkVII54 The oak tree sacred to him. The priestesses (the doves) at Dodona would interpret the oracle based on the sounds of the breeze in the oak leaves of the sacred grove.

BkVII433 He plans evil against the Greeks.

BkVIII1 He warns the immortals not to intervene in the battle.

BkVIII53 He weighs the fates of the Greeks and Trojans, favouring the Trojans.

BkVIII157 He thunders to signal temporary victory for the Trojans.

BkVIII335 He inspires the Trojans to attack the Greek ships.

BkVIII397 He sends Iris to deter the goddesses Hera and Athene from intervening.

BkVIII438 He predicts the course of the war.

BkIX222 He sends the Trojans favourable omens.

BkIX430 Prayers are ‘daughters of Zeus’.

BkXI163 BkXI299 He sends Iris with instructions for Hector, which Hector subsequently implements, favouring the Trojan attack.

BkXI543 He causes Ajax to retreat.

BkXI762 Peleus sacrificed to him.

BkXII175 The omen of eagle and snake is interpreted as coming from him.

BkXII251 He aids the Trojans with a gale directed at the Greek ships.

BkXII378 BkXII442 BkXIII136 BkXIII330 BkXIII576 He favours Hector and the Trojans.

BkXIII723 Called the Far-Echoer, he distributes wisdom to mortals.

BkXIV292 BkXIV352 Hera tempts him to make love and neglect the battle.

BkXIV402 BkXXI1 BkXXIV677 The father of the river-god, Xanthus (Scamander)

BkXV1 Zeus expresses his will, and predicts the course of the war.

BkXV78 The gods are in fear of his anger.

BkXV149 He sends Iris to order Poseidon’s withdrawal from the field.

BkXV220 BkXV281 He sends Apollo to re-invigorate Hector.

BkXV328 He hears Nestor’s prayer.

BkXV458 He breaks Teucer’s bowstring.

BkXV565 BkXV653 BkXVI101 He inspires Hector to set the ships ablaze, but determines to turn the tide in favour of the Greeks once he sees the glare of the first fire.

BkXVI210 Achilles prays to Zeus for Patroclus to win glory and return safely, Zeus fulfilling only the first part of the prayer.

BkXVI426 Hera persuades him not to save Sarpedon.

BkXVI508 He clouds Sarpedon’s body in the fog of war.

BkXVI569 He determines to spare Patroclus a little longer, and instructs Apollo to bear Sarpedon’s body from the field.

BkXVI684 He makes Patroclus over-bold.

BkXVII198 He predicts Hector’s death.

BkXVII262 He protects the Greeks.

BkXVII384 He gives Achilles’ immortal horses fresh strength.

BkXVII481 Automedon prays to him, and Zeus fills him with strength.

BkXVII543 He inspires Hector and the Trojans.

BkXVIII310 He admonishes Hera for supporting the Greeks.

BkXIX74 One of the three forces, with Fate and the Furies, determining human destiny.

BkXIX338 He sends Athene to sustain Achilles.

BkXX1 He allows the gods to enter the war.

BkXX75 He had once saved Aeneas from Achilles.

BkXX153 He had helped Achilles take Lyrnessus.

BkXX259 He recognises Aeneas is destined to rule the remaining Trojans after the fall of Troy.

BkXXI200 He allows Poseidon and Athene to help Achilles.

BkXXI383 He enjoys the gods’ quarrel, and consoles Artemis.

BkXXII1 Priam recognises Zeus’ apparent hatred of his race.

BkXXII188 He weighs the fates of Hector and Achilles, and grants victory to Achilles.

BkXXIV1 BkXXIV77 BkXXIV552 He determines that Priam should be allowed to ransom Hector’s body.

BkXXIV141 He sends Iris to Priam with a message.

BkXXIV281 He sends an omen to Priam, and Hermes to guide him.

BkXXIV468 He deals out good and bad experiences to men (over and above their destiny determined at birth by the Fates).