Raven’s Crag

The Rock of Corax on Ithaca, a crag near Eumaeus’ hut.

Bk XIII:366-415 Athene directs Odysseus to go there.


Brother to Minos of Crete. Appointed one of the three judges of the dead by Zeus, with Minos, and Aeacus.

Bk IV:548-592 He dwells in the Elysian Fields.

Bk VII:298-347 Taken by the Phaeacians to see Tityus. The associated myth is obscure.


A harbour on Ithaca.

Bk I:156-212 Athene as Mentes purports to have landed there.


Son of Nausithous, father of Arete.

Bk VII:1-77 Slain by Apollo’s arrow.

Bk VII:133-181 Father of Arete.


A personification of Zeus’ messenger.

Bk XXIV:412-462 The rumour of the Suitors’ deaths spreads through the town.


The son or grandson of Aeolus and Enarete. King of Salmonia in Elis, husband of Alcidice. Zeus destroyed him with a lightning bolt for his arrogance and hubris.

Bk XI:225-332 Father of Tyro.


An island near Ithaca, ruled by princes. Modern Cephellonia.

Bk I:213-251 Bk IX:1-62 Bk XVI:112-153 Bk XIX:100-163 Mentioned.

Bk IV:625-674 Bk IV:795-847 Bk XV:1-55 The straits between Ithaca and ‘rocky’ Same containing the island of Asteris.

Bk XV:351-40 Ctimene sent there to be wed.

Bk XVI:213-257 It provides twenty-four of the hundred and eight Suitors.

Bk XX:240-298 Ctesippus comes from there.

Scherie, Scheria

The land of the Phaeacians. Usually taken to be Corcyra, modern Corfu. (See Ernle Bradford, ‘Ulysses Found’)

Bk V:1-42 Zeus predicts Odysseus will land there.

Bk VI:1-47 The Phaeacians migrated there from somewhere near Sicily.

Bk VII:78-132 Athene leaves the land.

Bk XIII:159-215 Poseidon travels there.


The daughter of Phorcys and the nymph Crataeis, remarkable for her beauty. Circe or Amphitrite, jealous of Poseidon’s love for her changed her into a dog-like sea monster, ‘the Render’, with six heads and twelve feet. Each head had three rows of close-set teeth.Her cry was a muted yelping. She seized sailors and cracked their bones before slowly swallowing them. Her rock projects from the Calabrian coast near the village of Scilla, opposite Cape Peloro on Sicily. See Ernle Bradford ‘Ulysses Found’ Ch.20)

Bk XII:36-110 Bk XII:111-164 Circe tells Odysseus to pass close to her rock, as the least harmful route for his ship to follow, and gives him further advice.

Bk XII:201-259 Scylla devours six of Odysseus’ men.

Bk XII:260-319 Odysseus passes her by.

Bk XII:374-453 Odysseus is driven back towards her.

Bk XXIII:300-372 Odysseus tells the tale.


An island in the central Aegean off the coast of Euboea, ruled by Lycomedes.

Bk XI:465-540 Neoptolemus (Pyrrhus) recruited for Troy by Odysseus.

Sicily, see Thrinacia

The Mediterranean island.

Bk XX:345-394 A slave trading post.

Bk XXIV:302-355 Called Sicania by Odysseus. He claims to have sailed from there.

Bk XXIV:356-411 Laertes’ Sicilian servant.


The coastal city of the Phoenicians in the Lebanon.

Bk IV:59-112 Visited by Menelaus in his wanderings.

Bk IV:593-624 Bk XV:56-119 Phaedimus was its king.

Bk XIII:256-310 Odysseus uses it as a possible Phaeacian destination.

Bk XV:403-492 Home of the Phoenician daughter of Arybas.


The islanders of Lemnos.

Bk VIII:256-366 Described as speaking a barbarous tongue, probably influenced by their proximity to Thrace.


The daughters of Acheloüs, the Acheloïdes, companions of Persephone. turned to woman-headed birds, or women with the legs of birds, and luring the sailors of passing ships with their sweet song. They searched for Persephone on land, and were turned to birds so that they could search for her by sea. Their island lay between the Aeolian Islands and Cumae. This was traditionally Capri or more likely one of the five Galli islets, the Sirenusae, at the entrance to the Gulf of Salerno. See ‘Ulysses Found’ Chapter 17. (Homer implies there are only two Sirens, though I have translated this as a simple plural. There are various lists of their names. Ernle Bradford suggests two triplets: Thelxinoë, the Enchantress; Aglaope, She of the Beautiful Face, and Peisinoë, the Seductress: and his preferred triplet Parthenope, the Virgin Face; Ligeia, the Bright Voice; and Leucosia, the White One – see ‘Ulysses Found’ Ch.17. Robert Graves in ‘The Greek Myths’ adds Aglaophonos, Molpe, Raidne, Teles, and Thelxepeia.) (See also Draper’s painting – Ulysses and the Sirens – Ferens Art Gallery, Hull, England, and Gustave Moreau’s watercolour in the Fogg Art Museum, Harvard)

Bk XII:36-110 Circe tells Odysseus his course must take him past their island, and that he must have himself tied to the mast and plug his mens’ ears with beeswax.

Bk XII:165-200 Odysseus passes their island.

Bk XXIII:300-372 Odysseus tells the tale.


The son of Aeolus, and brother of Athamas, famous for his cunning and thievery. He was punished in Hades, continually having to push a stone to the top of a hill, and then pursuing it as it rolled down again.

Bk XI:593-640 Odysseus sees him tormented in Hades.


A range of mountains in Lycia in Asia Minor.

Bk V:262-312 Poseidon sees Odysseus from there.


The chief city of Laconia on the River Eurotas, in the southern Peloponnese, also called Lacadaemon. The home of Menelaus and Helen.

Bk I:44-95 Bk I:252-305 Athene proposes to send Telemachus there for news of his father.

Bk II:177-223 Bk II:296-336 Bk II:337-381 Telemachus proposes to travel there.

Bk IV:1-58 Alector’s city.

Bk V:1-42 Bk XVII:107-165 Telemachus travels home from there via Pylos.

Bk XI:385-464 Agamemnon’s ghost asks if his son is perhaps still alive there.

Bk XIII:366-415 Athene proposes to summon Telemachus home from there.


A son of Nestor.

Bk III:404-463 He helps his father with the sacrifice.


A river of the underworld, with its lakes and pools, used to mean the underworld or the state of death itself.

Bk V:148-191 The gods swear on it, as their form of binding oath.


The suitors for the hand of Penelope, lords of the lands neighbouring on Ithaca.

Bk I:44-95 They are consuming Odysseus’ flocks and cattle.

Bk I:96-155 They abuse Telemachus’ hospitality.

Bk I:252-305 Athene suggests Telemachus disperses them.

Bk I:325-364 Penelope shows herself among them.

Bk I:365-420 They wish to bed Penelope. Telemachus explains that he wants them to leave.

Bk II:1-34 Eurynomus is one of them.

Bk II:35-84 Telemachus states his case against them.

Bk II:85-128 Antinous represents them. Penelope has deceived them.

Bk II:129-176 Halitherses prophesies their downfall.

Bk II:177-223 Eurymachus defends their position.

Bk II:260-295 Telemachus complains of their obstructing his journey.

Bk II:296-336 They mock and jeer at Telemachus.

Bk II:337-381 Telemachus prepares to leave despite their obstructing him.

Bk II:382-434 Athene makes the Suitors drowsy so they are unaware of Telemachus’ departure.

Bk III:201-252 Telemachus complains of them to Nestor.

Bk IV:290-350 Menelaus condemns their behaviour, and prophesies their doom.

Bk IV:625-674 Bk IV:721-766 Bk IV:767-794 Bk IV:795-847 They plot to waylay Telemachus as he sails home.

Bk V:1-42 Zeus tells Athene to thwart their plot.

Bk XI:90-149 Teiresias prophesies that Odysseus will kill them.

Bk XIII:159-215 Athene intends that they will be punished.

Bk XIII:366-415 Bk XIII:416-440 Athene and Odysseus plan the Suitors’ deaths.

Bk XIV:1-47 Eumaeus has been sending them the pick of the boars.

Bk XIV:48-108 Eumaeus describes their ravages.

Bk XIV:109-164 Bk XIX:476-507 Bk XX:1-55 Odysseus plots their downfall.

Bk XIV:165-234 Eumaeus is aware of their potential ambush of Telemachus.

Bk XV:1-55 Athene tells Telemachus of their ambush.

Bk XV:301-350 Odysseus proposes to mingle with them, disguised as a beggar.

Bk XVI:1-59 Eumaeus expresses his distaste for them.

Bk XVI:60-111 Telemachus condemns their behaviour.

Bk XVI:213-257 Telemachus lists the origin of the one hundred and eight Suitors.

Bk XVI:258-320 Odysseus and Telemachus plot their downfall.

Bk XVI:321-39 Bk XVI:393-451 Surprised at Telemachus’ return they debate the next step.

Bk XVI:452-481 Telemachus asks whether their ship has returned yet.

Bk XVII:1-60 Telemachus plots their downfall.

Bk XVII:61-106 They continue to plot against Telemachus.

Bk XVII:166-203 Their sports in front of the palace.

Bk XVII:204-253 Melanthius the goat-herd provides meat for them.

Bk XVII:254-289 Melanthius sits among them.

Bk XVII:328-395 Odysseus begs amongst them.

Bk XVII:462-504 They abhor Antinous’ behaviour.

Bk XVII:505-550 Penelope prophesies their fate.

Bk XVII:551-606 Penelope and Eumaeus condemn them.

Bk XVIII:50-116 They laugh at Irus’ defeat.

Bk XVIII:117-157 Odysseus condemns their behaviour.

Bk XVIII:158-205 Penelope prepares to show herself to them.

Bk XVIII:206-283 She condemns their meanness.

Bk XVIII:284-339 They bring gifts for Penelope.

Bk XVIII:340-393 Odysseus tends the lights for them.

Bk XVIII:394-428 Calmed, they disperse to their homes for the night.

Bk XIX:100-163 Penelope tells Odysseus (in disguise) how she has deceived them with her spinning.

Bk XIX:508-553 They are the geese in Penelope’s dream.

Bk XIX:554-604 Odysseus confirms the dream’s interpretation.

Bk XX:56-119 An omen foretells their fate.

Bk XX:120-171 Bk XX:172-239 The feast-day preparations for them.

Bk XX:240-298 Odysseus sits among them.

Bk XX:240-298 Telemachus warns them to behave.

Bk XX:299-344 Agelaus suggests that the delays they have incurred were reasonable as long as Odysseus might return.

Bk XX:345-394 Athene addles their wits.

Bk XXI:1-79 Penelope issues her challenge to them.

Bk XXI:80-135 Telemachus sets out the axes for them.

Bk XXI:136-185 Antinous invites them to compete.

Bk XXI:186-244 Antinous and Eurymachus are their leaders.

Bk XXI:245-310 They are angered by Odysseus’ request to be allowed to try the bow.

Bk XXI:359-403 They are stunned when Odysseus strings the bow and fires the arrow through the axe-rings.

Bk XXII:1-67 Odysseus threatens to kill them all.

Bk XXII:116-159 Odysseus begins the slaughter.

Bk XXII:160-199 Melanthius tries to arm them.

Bk XXII:200-240 Athene exhorts Odysseus to conquer them.

Bk XXII:241-309 They fight with Odysseus and his comrades.

Bk XXII:310-377 They had press-ganged Phemius and Medon into service.

Bk XXII:378-432 Their corpses are piled high in death.

Bk XXII:433-501 The faithless serving women are executed for their relations with them.

Bk XXIII:1-84 All the Suitors were slain by Odysseus, his son, and their comrades.

Bk XXIII:85-140 Odysseus seeks to conceal news of their deaths, for fear of vengeance.

Bk XXIII:300-372 Penelope tells Odysseus of her life among the Suitors.

Bk XXIV:1-56 Hermes summons their souls to Hades.

Bk XXIV:98-204 Amphimedon relates their fate.

Bk XXIV:302-355 Laertes celebrates their deaths.

Bk XXIV:356-411 Laertes wishes he had helped fight them.

Bk XXIV:412-462 The news of their deaths spreads through the town.


See Hyperion


Cape Sunium, modern Sounion, the southern tip of Attica, south of Athens.

Bk III:253-312 Menelaus’ steersman killed there by Apollo.


An unknown island. The ‘turning place’ of the sun.

Bk XV:403-492 The birthplace of Eumaeus.


The king of Phrygia, son of Zeus, father of Pelops and Niobe. He served his son Pelops to the gods at a banquet and was punished by eternal thirst in Hades.

Bk XI:541-592 Odysseus sees him tormented in the Underworld.


The people of Taphos, location unknown.

Bk I:96-155 Bk I:156-212 Bk I:365-420 Mentes is their King.

Bk XIV:409-456 Eumaeus has purchased a slave from them.

Bk XV:403-492 They appear as raiders in Eumaeus’ story.

Bk XVI:393-451 Antinous’ father was one-time in leaguw with them.


The mountain range west of Sparta, in the southern Peloponnese.

Bk VI:48-109 A haunt of Artemis.


The father of Polyneus and grandfather of Amphialus.

Bk VIII:104-151 Mentioned.


The blind prophet of Thebes.

Bk X:449-502 Circe advises Odysseus that he must consult Teiresias in Hades.

Bk X:503-574 Bk XI:1-50 Odysseus must offer Teiresias a black ram on returning to Ithaca.

Bk XI:51-89 Odysseus waits to question Teiresias.

Bk XI:90-149 Bk XI:150-224 Bk XXIII:247-299 The seer prophesies Odysseus’ return to Ithaca, the slaying of the Suitors, and Odysseus’ old age and death.

Bk XI:150-224 His ghost returns to Hades

Bk XI:465-540 Odysseus explains his quest to see Teiresias to Achilles.

Bk XII:260-319 His warning concerning the sun-god’s cattle and flocks.

Bk XXIII:300-372 Odysseus tells Penelope of the prophecy.


The son of Aeacus. A companion of Heracles.

Bk XI:541-592 The father of Ajax the Greater.


The son of Odysseus and Penelope.

Bk I:96-155 He welcomes Athene disguised as Mentes.

Bk I:156-212 Bk I:213-251 He complains of the Suitors and quizzes Athene.

Bk I:306-324 He is inspired by Athene, and recognises that Mentes is a divinity in disguise.

Bk I:325-364 He rebukes his mother for her criticism of Phemius, the bard.

Bk I:365-420 He insists on his rights with the Suitors.

Bk I:421-444 He plans the journey proposed by Athene.

Bk II:1-34 He convenes the assembly on Ithaca.

Bk II:35-84 He makes his case agains the Suitors.

Bk II:85-128 Antinous rejects his case.

Bk II:129-176 Telemachus refuses to accept that Odysseus is dead.

Bk II:177-223 He proposes to travel to Sparta and Pylos for news.

Bk II:260-295 He prays for divine help.

Bk II:296-336 He declares his intent to Antinous.

Bk II:337-381 He instructs Eurycleia to prepare the provisions.

Bk II:382-434 He sets sail with Athene (disguised as Mentor).

Bk III:1-50 He reaches Pylos.

Bk III:51-101 He requests information of Nestor.

Bk III:201-252 He complains of the Suitors to Nestor and asks about Agamemnon and Menelaus.

Bk III:313-355 Bk III:356-403 He accepts Nestor’s hospitality.

Bk III:404-463 He attends Nestor’s sacrifice to Athene.

Bk III:464-497 He is bathed by Polycaste, then leaves Nestor’s house with Peisistratus to visit Menelaus.

Bk IV:1-58 He arrives in Sparta, and meets Menelaus.

Bk IV:59-112 He admires Menelaus’ palace. Without yet recognising him Menelaus imagines the distant Telemachus must be grieving for Odysseus.

Bk IV:113-154 He weeps when his father’s name is mentioned.

Bk IV:155-219 He is made known to Menelaus and Helen.

Bk IV:290-350 He asks Menelaus for news of his father.

Bk IV:593-624 He seeks to leave Sparta.

Bk IV:625-674 Bk IV:675-720 Bk IV:795-847 He is travelling back to Ithaca. The Suitors plan to ambush him on the way.

Bk V:1-42 Zeus tells Athene to guide him home safely.

Bk XI:51-89 Elpenor’s ghost mentions him implying he is still alive.

Bk XI:150-224 Anticleia confirms to Odysseus that his son is still alive.

Bk XIII:416-440 Athene sets off for Sparta to bring Telemachus home.

Bk XIV:165-234 Like Eumaeus he desires Odysseus’ return.

Bk XV:1-55 Athene tells Telemachus to return home, and about the Suitors’ plot.

Bk XV:56-119 Bk XV:120-182 He prepares to leave Sparta.

Bk XV:183-221 He reaches Pylos and his ship.

Bk XV:222-270 He sacrifices to Athene, and meets Theoclymenus.

Bk XV:271-300 He takes Theoclymenus aboard and sails for Ithaca.

Bk XV:493-557 He returns to Ithaca and goes to visit Eumaeus.

Bk XVI:1-59 Bk XVI:60-111 He meets his father, Odysseus, disguised as a beggar.

Bk XVI:112-153 He sends Eumaeus to tell his mother of his return.

Bk XVI:154-212 Odysseus reveals his identity to him.

Bk XVI:213-257 He enumerates the list of Suitors.

Bk XVI:258-320 He and his father plan their campaign.

Bk XVI:321-39 The news of his arrival home spreads.

Bk XVI:393-451 The Suitors debate murdering him.

Bk XVI:452-481 Eumaeus returns to him and his father with news.

Bk XVII:1-60 Bk XXIV:98-204 He goes to meet Penelope.

Bk XVII:61-106 He guides Theoclymenus to the palace.

Bk XVII:107-165 He tells Penelope of his visit to Sparta.

Bk XVII:204-253 Melanthius wishes his death.

Bk XVII:328-395 Bk XVII:396-461 He criticises Antinous.

Bk XVII:462-504 He keeps silent when Odysseus is struck by a stool.

Bk XVII:505-550 Penelope takes his sneezing as an omen.

Bk XVII:551-606 He agrees that Eumaeus should return to the farm.

Bk XVIII:50-116 He supports a fair fight between Odysseus and Irus.

Bk XVIII:206-283 Penelope speaks about the Suitors’ behaviour to him.

Bk XVIII:284-339 Odysseus uses the maids’ fear of Telemachus to warn them.

Bk XVIII:394-428 Telemachus tells the Suitors to disperse for the night.

Bk XIX:1-52 He and his father hide the weapons.

Bk XIX:53-99 He is like his father.

Bk XX:120-171 He enquires if Odysseus has been treated well.

Bk XX:240-298 He warns the Suitors to behave.

Bk XX:299-344 He discusses his mother’s marrying.

Bk XX:345-394 He ignores the Suitors’ gibes, and waits for Odysseus’ signal.

Bk XXI:80-135 Telemachus sets out the axes for the contest. (I have followed the view that the axe heads were buried in the ground, and the arrow was fired through the iron rings at the end of their wooden handles, by which they were usually hung on the wall.)

Bk XXI:186-244 Odysseus promises that Eumaeus and Philoetius will be regarded as blood-brothers of Telemachus.

Bk XXI:311-358 He asserts his right to dispose of the bow as he wishes.

Bk XXI:359-403 Bk XXII:160-199 He stands by his father.

Bk XXII:68-115 He kills Amphinomus, then goes to the storeroom for weapons.

Bk XXII:116-159 He has left the storeroom door unlocked.

Bk XXII:200-240 Athene tests his strength and courage.

Bk XXII:310-377 He intercedes on behalf of Phemius and Medon.

Bk XXII:378-432 He calls Eurycleia to his father.

Bk XXII:433-501 He executes the faithless serving women.

Bk XXIII:1-84 He had concealed his father’s identity and plans.

Bk XXIII:85-140 He criticises his mother’s uncertainty.

Bk XXIII:247-299 He retires to rest.

Bk XXIII:300-372 He arms himself and follows Odysseus.

Bk XXIV:356-411 He helps prepare a meal.

Bk XXIV:502-54 He affirms his courage.


Prophet to the Cyclopes.

Bk IX:480-525 He prophesied Polyphemus’ blinding by Odysseus.


King of Mysia, son of Heracles and the nymph Auge. He was wounded and healed by the touch of Achilles’ spear at Troy.

Bk XI:465-540 The father of Eurypylus.


The harbour of the Laestrygonians. Possibly Bonifacio on Corsica (See Ernle Bradford’s ‘Ulysses Found’ Chapters 11 and 12.)

Bk X:56-102 Odysseus arrives there.

Bk XXIII:300-372 Odysseus tells the tale.


A place famous for its copper mines, the copper being used in the manufacture of bronze articles. It is mentioned in Ovid’s Metamorphoses and elsewhere, and was possibly in Southern Italy.

Bk I:156-212 Athene, as Mentes, purports to be trading there.


An island in the Aegean near the Trojan coast. (See Homer’s Iliad).

Bk III:148-200 Passed by Nestor on the return journey.


The father of Phemius the bard.

Bk XXII:310-377 Mentioned.

Thebes (1)

The city in Egypt, on the Nile.

Bk IV:113-154 Visited by Menelaus.

Thebes (2)

The city in Boeotia in north-central Greece, founded by Cadmus.

Bk X:449-502 Bk X:503-574 Bk XI:90-149 Bk XI:150-224

Bk XXIII:300-372 Odysseus tells the tale.The home city of Teiresias the seer.

Bk XI:225-332 The lower city was founded by Zethus and Amphion who lifted the blocks of stone that built the walls of Thebes with the music of his lyre.

Bk XI:225-332 Ruled by Oedipus.

Bk XV:222-270 Amphiaraus died there in the War of the Seven against Thebes.


The goddess of justice and law. In Greek mythology also a Titaness, co- ruler of the planet Jupiter, daughter of heaven and earth. Her daughters are the Seasons and the Three Fates. She is the Triple-Goddess with prophetic powers.

Bk II:35-84 Telemachus invokes her name in pleading his cause.


A seer, the son of Polypheides, priest of Apollo.

Bk XV:222-270 He meets Telemachus.

Bk XV:271-300 He asks to be taken aboard.

Bk XV:493-557 Reaching Ithaca he asks whose house he should go to.

Bk XVII:61-106 Peiraeus leads him to Telemachus.

Bk XVII:107-165 He prophesies Odysseus’ presence on Ithaca.

Bk XX:345-394 He sees a vision of the Suitors’ fate.


King of Athens, son of Aegeus. His mother was Aethra, daughter of Pittheus king of Troezen.

Bk XI:225-332 The Athenian hero. He killed the Minotaur on Crete with Ariadne’s help.

Bk XI:593-640 Odysseus would have wished to meet his ghost in Hades.


A people of north-western Greece, inhabitants of Epirus.

Bk XIV:293-359 Bk XVI:60-111 Bk XVII:505-550 Odysseus pretends to have visited them.

Bk XVI:393-451 One-time allies of Odysseus.

Bk XIX:220-307 Odysseus is claimed to be there, and about to return home.


The Nereid and the wife of Peleus. Mother of Achilles.

Bk XI:541-592 She gave Achilles’ weapons as a prize for the debate between Odysseus and Ajax.

Bk XXIV:1-56 She rose from the sea to mourn her dead son.

Bk XXIV:57-97 She gave the prizes for Achilles’ funeral games.


Son of Andraemon, and a warrior at Troy (The King of Calydon with Odysseus in the Wooden Horse?).

Bk XIV:457-506 Odysseus invents a tale of him.


An Egyptian, the husband of Polydamna.

Bk IV:220-289 Mentioned.


A Phaeacian.

Bk VIII:104-151 He competes in the Games.


The daughter of Phorcys, and mother of Polyphemus.

Bk I:44-95 Mentioned.


The country bordering the Black Sea, and the northeastern Aegean.

Bk VIII:256-366 A country sacred to Ares.


One of Nestor’s sons.

Bk III:1-50 Mentioned.

Bk III:404-463 He helps his father with the sacrifice.

Thrinacia, Thrinacie

The island of the sun-god, where he kept his sacred cattle. (Possibly identified with Sicily: Trinacria in Classical times. For a discussion of this attribution see Ernle Bradford’s ‘Ulysses Found’ Chapter 22)

Bk XI:90-149 Teiresias prophesies Odysseus’ journey there.

Bk XII:111-164 Bk XIX:220-307 The land where the sacred cattle of Helios graze.


The son of Pelops and brother of Atreus. The blood feud between Thyestes and Atreus led to a fatal chain of events.

Bk IV:512-547 Father of Aegisthus who murdered Agamemnon.


The son of Laomedon, husband of Eos, the Dawn, and father of Memnon.

Bk V:1-42 The husband of the Dawn.

Tityus, Tityos

One of the Giants, the son of Zeus and Earth, who tried to rape Leto and was killed by Apollo and Artemis, her children. He was punished by being stretched out on the ground in Hades, where vultures ate his liver.

Bk VII:298-347 Visited by Rhadmanthus on Euboea. Possibly Euboea contained one of the entrances to the underworld.

Bk XI:541-592 Odysseus sees him tormented in Hades.

Trojans, Troy

Troy is the district named after Dardanus’s son Tros, in northern Asia Minor, modern Turkey. The name is commonly used for the city of Ilus, Ilium, named after Ilus the son of Dardanus. The site (Hissarlik) near the northern Aegean Sea and the entrance to the Hellespont, was excavated by Schliemann.

Bk I:1-21 Bk XIV:165-234 Bk XVII:107-165 Sacked by the Greeks at the end of the Trojan war, as recounted in Homer’s Iliad.

Bk I:44-95 Bk IV:59-112 Bk V:262-312 Bk XIII:311-365 Its wide plains where the Greeks landed.

Bk I:156-212 Bk I:213-251 Bk II:129-176 Bk X:1-55 Bk XI:51-89 Bk XI:333-384 Bk XIII:216-255 Bk XIV:48-108 Bk XIV:457-506

Bk XVI:258-320 Bk XVII:61-106 Bk XVII:290-327 Bk XIX:1-52

Bk XIX:164-219 Bk XXII:1-67 Bk XXII:200-240 Odysseus was a member of the Greek army at Troy.

Bk I:325-364 Bk IV:464-511 Bk IX:1-62 Bk IX:256-306 The Greeks had a difficult return journey from Troy.

Bk III:51-101 Nestor fought there.

Bk III:201-252 Bk IV:220-289 Bk IV:290-350 A place where the Achaean Greeks suffered.

Bk IV:1-58 Menelaus had promised his daughter Hermione to Achilles’ son there.

Bk IV:113-154 The Greeks attacked it as a result of Helen’s abduction.

Bk V:1-42 Bk XIII:96-158 Bk XIII:256-310 The Greeks shared the spoils of the ransacked city.

Bk VIII:62-103 Troy’s defeat prophesied.

Bk VIII:199-255 Philoctetes the greatest Greek archer there.

Bk VIII:469-520 The Wooden Horse.

Bk VIII:521-585 Its destruction engineered by the gods.

Bk X:302-347 Hermes had told Circe that Odysseus would be returning home from there when he visited her island.

Bk XI:150-224 Anticleia asks Odysseus whether he has come from Troy.

Bk XI:465-540 Neoptolemus at Troy.

Bk XI:541-592 The Trojan captives judged the debate between Odysseus and Ajax.

Bk XII:165-200 The Sirens know of the sufferings of the Greeks and Trojans at Troy.

Bk XIII:366-415 Athene helped Odysseus at the taking of the citadel.

Bk XIV:235-292 Idomeneus fought there with his Cretan contingent.

Bk XVIII:206-283 The Trojans had a high reputation as warriors and charioteers.

Bk XXIV:1-56 The Greeks and Trojans fought over the dead body of Achilles.


King of Argos, father of Diomedes by Deipyle.

Bk III:148-200 Bk IV:220-289 Mentioned.


King of Sparta, husband of Leda.

Bk XI:225-332 Cuckolded by Zeus.

Bk XXIV:98-204 The father of Clytaemnestra.


The mother by Poseidon of Pelias and Neleus.

Bk II:85-128 A famous woman of early Greece.

Bk XI:225-332 Salmoneus’ daughter, and wife of Cretheus. Poseidon raped her in the form of the River-god Enipeus. Her ghost appears to Odysseus.


The Waggon. A name for the constellation of the Great Bear.

Bk V:262-312 Mentioned.

Wandering Rocks, Planctae

Two rocky islands, clashing rocks according to the fable, crushing what attempted to pass between them. The Argo had to avoid them.

Bk XII:36-110 The ‘islands’ are most likely the cliffs of volcanic Stromboli and its attendant islet Strombolicchio, a marker leading to the west of Sicily in one direction, and to the Messina Straits on the other. See Ernle Bradford ‘Ulysses Found’ Chapter 19. The Argo’s journey however was towards the Black Sea and the connection is therefore tenuous since it would place the rocks traditionally in the Euxine Sea.

Bk XXIII:300-372 Odysseus tells the tale of his passage by them.

White Rock

A landmark rock on the way to Hades.

Bk XXIV:1-56 Mentioned.


An island near Ithaca, ruled by princes. Modern Zante, twenty miles south of Ithaca (Thiaki).

Bk I:213-251 Bk IX:1-62 Bk XVI:112-153 Bk XIX:100-163 Mentioned (as being wooded).

Bk XVI:213-257 It provides twenty of the hundred and eight Suitors.

Zethus (1)

The son of Zeus and Antiope, who founded lower Thebes.

Bk XI:225-332 Brother of Amphion.

Zethus (2)

The father of Itylus, and husband of Aedon.

Bk XIX:508-553 Mentioned.


The King of the Gods. His wife is Hera. Zeus, a sky-god, was worshipped at Dodona, in the sacred oracular oak grove, where his cult succeeded the earlier cult of the Great Goddess, as Dione.

Bk I:1-21 Bk VIII:469-520 The Muse is his daughter (by Mnemosyne, goddess of memory).

Bk I:22-43 His palace is on Mount Olympus.

Bk I:44-95 Called Cloud-Gathering. He grants Athene’s request to allow Odysseus to return home.

Bk I:252-305 Bk II:177-223 He sends rumours to men to bring them news.

Bk I:325-364 Bk II:1-34 Bk IV:721-766 Bk V:388-450 Bk XII:320-373

Bk XV:493-557 Bk XVII:1-60 Bk XVII:396-461 Bk XIX:53-99

Bk XX:172-239 He determines men’s fates.

Bk I:365-420 Telemachus hopes Zeus may bring a day of reckoning.

Bk II:35-84 Bk XV:120-182 Bk XVIII:206-283 Telemachus invokes him.

Bk II:129-176 Called the Far-Seeing. He sends two eagles as an omen.

Bk II:296-336 Bk II:382-434 Bk III:1-50 Bk III:313-355

Bk III:356-403 Bk VI:316-33 Bk XIII:159-215 Bk XIII:216-255

Bk XIII:256-310 Bk XIII:311-365 Bk XIII:366-415 Bk XXII:200-240 Athene is his daughter. He wears the aegis, as does she (see Athene).

Bk III:102-147 Bk III:148-200 Bk IX:1-62 The son of Cronos. He punished the Greeks after the sack of Troy.

Bk III:253-312 Zeus ‘of the far-reaching voice’ splits Menelaus’ fleet.

Bk III:464-497 Bk VII:1-77 Bk XV:183-221 Bk XXII:116-159 He favours certain individuals.

Bk IV:1-58 Bk IV:59-112 Bk IV:113-154 Bk IV:290-350 Bk IV:351-397 Bk IV:548-592 Bk XV:56-119 He favours Menelaus as his son-in-law.

Bk IV:155-219 Bk IV:220-289 Bk XXIII:205-246 He was the father of Helen by Leda.

Bk IV:464-511 Menelaus failed to sacrifice fittingly to him, and his journey home was thereby delayed.

Bk IV:625-674 Invoked by Antinous.

Bk IV:675-720 Invoked by Medon.

Bk V:1-42 Bk V:92-147 The Thunderer and Cloud-Gatherer. He sends Hermes to visit Calypso.

Bk V:148-191 He commands Calypso to release Odysseus.

Bk V:192-261 Bk V:313-387 Bk VIII:1-61 Bk X:400-448

Bk X:449-502 Bk X:503-574 Bk XI:51-89 Bk XI:90-149

Bk XI:385-464 Bk XI:465-540 Bk XI:593-640 Bk XVI:154-212

Bk XVIII:284-339 Bk XXII:160-199 Bk XXIII:300-372

Ancestor of Odysseus through Arceisius and Laertes.

Bk V:262-312 Odysseus thinks he has raised the storm against him.

Bk VI:48-109 Bk IX:152-192 The mountain nymphs are his daughters.

Bk VI:149-197 Artemis is his daughter.

Bk VI:198-250 Bk VII:133-181 Bk VII:240-297 Bk XIV:235-292 Bk XIV:293-359 Bk XIV:360-408 Strangers and beggars are ‘sent by Zeus’. He is the god of the lightning bolt.

Bk VII:298-347 Alcinous invokes him.

Bk VIII:62-103 He willed sorrow on Greeks and Trojans alike.

Bk VIII:199-255 He blessed the Phaeacians with their skills.

Bk VIII:256-366 Hephaestus invokes his justice.

Bk VIII:416-468 Bk XIV:48-108 Bk XIV:109-164 Odysseus invokes him.

Bk IX:63-104 Bk IX:256-306 He sends a storm to drive Odysseus off course.

Bk IX:105-151 Bk IX:307-359 Bk XII:260-319 As a sky god he brings the rain.

Bk IX:360-412 Illness comes from him.

Bk IX:413-479 He initiates divine vengeance.

Bk IX:526-566 Odysseus sacrifices to him.

Bk XI:150-224 Persephone is his daughter by Demeter.

Bk XI:225-332 Pelias and Neleus worshipped him. He slept with Alcmene, Antiope and Leda.

Bk XI:541-592 His antipathy to the Greeks, and support for the Trojans.

Bk XII:36-110 The rock doves bring him ambrosia.

Bk XII:374-453 Bk XIX:220-307 He punishes Odysseus and his crew for the theft of the Sun-god’s cattle.

Bk XIII:1-52 Alcinous sacrifices to him.

Bk XIII:96-158 He endorses Poseidon’s action against the Phaeacians.

Bk XIV:165-234 Bk XVII:551-606 Invoked by Eumaeus.

Bk XIV:409-456 Bk XV:301-350 Bk XVII:328-395 Invoked by Odysseus.

Bk XIV:457-506 He brings the storms and rain.

Bk XV:222-270 He favoured Amphiaraus.

Bk XV:271-300 He sends Telemachus a favourable wind.

Bk XV:403-492 He sends the Phoenicians a favourable wind.

Bk XVI:112-153 He has preserved Odysseus’ line with only sons.

Bk XVI:258-320 He will fight on Odysseus’ side.

Bk XVI:393-451 The Suitors plan to consult his oracle.

Bk XVII:107-165 Menelaus invokes him as witness.

Bk XVII:290-327 He takes half the good from those who become slaves.

Bk XVIII:340-393 Odysseus wishes he would instigate a war.

Bk XIX:100-163 He honours a well-run household.

Bk XIX:164-219 Minos spoke directly with him (presumably as a divine king with prophetic powers?)

Bk XIX:361-47 Odysseus had shown his piety towards Zeus in the past.

Bk XX:1-55 Odysseus anticipates his help.

Bk XX:56-119 Bk XX:120-171 Bk XXI:359-403 He sends Odysseus favourable omens.

Bk XX:240-298 Guests and strangers are under his protection.

Bk XX:299-344 Bk XXI:80-135 Telemachus invokes him.

Bk XXI:1-79 The father of Heracles.

Bk XXI:186-244 Invoked by Philoetius.

Bk XXII:241-309 Invoked by Agelaus.

Bk XXII:310-377 Bk XXII:378-432 His great altar in the courtyard of Odysseus’ palace.

Bk XXIV:1-56 Bk XXIV:98-204 He was thought to favour Agamemnon. Bk XXIV:57-97 Agamemnon considers Zeus doomed him to be murdered.

Bk XXIV:302-355 He determines when crops are in season.

Bk XXIV:356-411 Invoked by Laertes.

Bk XXIV:463-501 He advises Athene to make peace.

Bk XXIV:502-54 He marks the end of the conflict with a lightning-bolt.