Euripides (c.480–c.406 BC), translated by Theodoridis, G., (contributor-contact-email)

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Rhesus is a Greek tragedy generally attributed to Euripides. The play, set during the Trojan War and paralleling events in Homer’s Iliad, is set on a night when Trojan guards spot fires in the Greek camp - leading Hector and Aeneas to debate their response. Dolon volunteers to spy on the Greeks, hoping to claim Achilles’s horses as a reward. Concurrently, Rhesus, the Thracian king, arrives to aid the Trojans, facing criticism from Hector for his delayed appearance.

Odysseus and Diomedes, aiming to assassinate Hector, instead encounter and kill Dolon. Guided by Athena, they kill Rhesus instead of Hector, seizing his prized horses. Rhesus’ death leads to accusations of treachery within the Trojan camp, primarily against Hector. The play concludes with the appearance of Rhesus’ mother, a Muse, who blames Odysseus, Diomedes, and Athena for the treachery and foretells Rhesus’ resurrection and immortalization.

This play shifts focus from Dolon’s role in the Iliad to Rhesus and the Trojan reactions to his murder, offering a unique perspective on the Trojan War narrative.

Author Details

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Theodoridis, G.,

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