Aristophanes (c.446–c.386 BC), translated by Theodoridis, G., (contributor-contact-email)

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Aristophanes’ Ancient Greek comedy, Frogs, was performed in 405 BC at the Lenaia, one of the Festivals of Dionysus - receiving first place. The play follows Dionysus and his slave Xanthias. The former, distressed by the quality of contemporary tragedians, journeys to Hades to return the recently-deceased playwright Euripides back to the land of the living. The narrative features comical interludes, including a choral section by frogs, and encounters with figures such as Heracles and Aeacus, leading to humorous misidentifications and role reversals. Dionysus, initially portrayed as incompetent, gains prominence as a judge in a poetic contest between Euripides and Aeschylus. This contest, showcasing their differing poetic styles, culminates in Aeschylus’s victory - attributed to his practical advice for the salvation of Athens. The play, integrating comedy with literary criticism and political commentary, reflects Aristophanes’ mastery in blending humour with deeper thematic elements, particularly in the context of Athens’ socio-political challenges of the time.

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Theodoridis, G.,

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