The Satires, Epistles and Ars Poetica

Horace (65 BC–8 BC), translated by Kline, A.S., (contact-email)

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Horace’s Satires and Epistles are collections of verse essays in hexameter that address moral and philosophical issues with wit and irony. Satires explores personal ethics and societal norms, while Epistles delves into human behaviour and literary criticism. The Ars Poetica, part of the Epistles, serves as a treatise on poetic theory and practice. It outlines the principles of good writing, advising poets on achieving clarity, unity, and decorum. Horace emphasises the importance of adapting style to subject and blending the useful with the sweet. These works collectively offer insights into Augustan Rome’s social and intellectual milieu and have significantly influenced Western literary criticism and satirical writing.

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Kline, A.S.,

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