(See Michael Ayrton’s extended series of sculptures, bronzes, and artefacts celebrating Daedalus, Icarus and the Minotaur.)
He made wings of bee’s-wax and feathers to escape from
Book II.14:1-32. Architect of the Labyrinth.
The daughter of Acrisius, king of
Book II.20:1-36. The tower.
Book II.32:1-62. Seduced rather than raped by Jupiter?
The fifty daughters of Danaüs, granddaughters of Belus, king of
Book II.31:1-16. Statues in the new Colonnade.
A Virgilian shepherd. (A Sicilian shepherd in other poetry, said to have invented the pastoral genre)
Book II.34:1-94. See Virgil’s Eclogues V and VII.
An epithet applied to the descendants of Dardanus, the son of Jupiter and the Pleiad Electra, who came from
Decius Mus, the hero of the Samnite Wars of the fourth century BC dreamed that one army would have to sacrifice its leader, the other its entire power, so he charged the enemy alone and was killed in order to guarantee the victory.
Book III.11:1-72. A Roman hero.
Book IV.1:1-70. Three Decii, Roman generals, gave their lives for their country, father, son and grandson in 336, 296 and 279 BC.
Book II.9:1-52. Bereaved at his death.
The Greek island in the
A pseudonym for a friend of Propertius.
Book II.22:1-42. His friend.
Book II.24A:17-52. A
son of Theseus who loved Phyllis, daughter of Sithon
king of Thrace. he deserted her. She
killed herself but was turned into an almond tree, which flowered when he
returned, remorsefully, to find her. (See Burne-Jones’s marvellous painting:
The Tree of Forgiveness,
The Greek orator and Athenian Statesman of the fourth century BC who attacked the growing power of Macedon under Philip II, seeing it as a threat to the Greek world.
Book III.21:1-34. A master of oratory.
King of Phthia.
He and his wife Pyrrha, his cousin, and daughter of Epimetheus, were survivors
of the flood. He was he son of Prometheus.
(See Michelangelo’s scenes from the Great Flood, Sistine Chapel,
Book II.32:1-62. Ancient times.
An old name for Naxos.
Phoebe, or Artemis the daughter of Jupiter and Latona
(hence her epithet Latonia) and twin sister of Phoebus-Apollo. She was born on the
Book II.19:1-32. The recipient of vows of chastity, and prayers for luck in hunting.
Book II.28A:47-62. The recipient of vows from women in time of illness.
was the daughter of Nycteus of
Book III.15:1-46. Her jealousy of Antiope.
A name for Pluto, king of the Underworld, brother of Neptune and Jupiter. His kingdom in the Underworld described. At Venus’s instigation Cupid struck him with an arrow to make him fall in love with Persephone.He raped and abducted her, re-entering Hades through the pool of Cyane. Jupiter decreeed that she could only spend half the year with him and must spend the other half with Ceres.
Book II.28A:47-62. Husband of Persephone.
The town in
Book II.21:1-20. Regarded as unreliable?
Book I.17:1-28. The Nereids are mentioned as her daughters.
Book IV.5:1-78. A fictitious or otherwise unknown people.
Book I:20:1-52. The wood nymphs.
An island off the west coast of
Book I.3:1-46. Maenads.
Book II.14:1-32. Her joy at Orestes return,
A city and country in the western
Site of the quinquennial games at
Book III.9:1-60. The
palms awarded at the Olympic Games at
Book IV.7:1-96. A region of the underworld for spirits in bliss, rewarding virtue in life.
One of the Giants who fought with the Gods.
Book II.1:1-78. The fight is mentioned.
Book I.13:1-36. The disguise mentioned.
Book III.19:1-28. Tyro desired him.
Quintus Ennius (239-169BC), the ‘father of Roman poetry’ .He wrote an epic on Roman history, Annals, of which part survives.
Book IV.1:1-70. An epic poet.
From the Eastern countries. Eastern. The Dawn.
Book I.15:1-42. Eastern.
Book I.16:1-48. The Dawn.
Book II.3:1-54. The East.
Book II.18A:5-22. Dawn from the East.
Book III.13:1-66. The Eastern custom of suttee.
Book III.24:1-20. Rosy faced.
Book II.6:1-42. Ephyra was an ancient
The Greek Philosopher (341-271BC) and founder of the
Book III.21:1-34. A source of knowledge.
Asclepius (Aesculapius) was the son of Coronis and Apollo. He was saved by Apollo from his mother’s body and given to Chiron the Centaur to rear. He is represented in the sky by the constellation Ophiucus near Scorpius, depicting a man entwined in the coils of a serpent, consisting of the split constellation, Serpens Cauda and Serpens Caput, which contains Barnard’s star, having the greatest proper motion of any star and being the second nearest to the sun.
Of Erechtheus an early king of Athens, Athenian.
A son of Vulcan (Hephaestus), born without a mother (or born from the Earth after Hephaestus the victim of a deception had been repulsed by Athene). Legendary king of Athens and a skilled charioteer. He is represented by the constellation Auriga the charioteer, containing the star Capella. (Alternatively the constellation represents the she-goat Amaltheia that suckled the infant Jupiter, and the stars ζ (zeta) and η (eta) Aurigae are her Kids. It is a constellation visible in the winter months.)
Book II.6:1-42. =Athenian.
A Fury. The Furies, The Three Sisters, were Alecto, Tisiphone and Megaera, the daughters of Night and Uranus. They were the personified pangs of cruel conscience that pursued the guilty. (See Aeschylus – The Eumenides). Their abode is in Hades by the Styx. They were called, ironically, the Eumenides, or Kindly Ones.
Book II.20:1-36. Conscience.
She was bribed by Polynices with the gift of the famous necklace of Aphrodite given to her ancestress Harmonia, Cadmus’s wife. She induced her husband, the seer, Amphiaraus to join the Seven against Thebes leading to his death. He agreed though he foresaw that he would not return. Their son Alcmaeon killed her in retribution.
Book II.16:1-56. The danger of gifts.
Book III.13:1-66. Her greed.
Book III.13:1-66. The nautilus shell is described as Venus’s conch.
A mythical King of the East.
A country in
Book I.22:1-10. Perusia again.
The large island close to eastern
A Fury. The Furies, The Three Sisters, were Alecto, Tisiphone and Megaera, the daughters of Night and Uranus. They were the personified pangs of cruel conscience that pursued the guilty. (See Aeschylus – The Eumenides). Their abode is in Hades by the Styx.
Book IV.11:1-102. The Furies.
One of the great rivers
II.23:1-24. Girls from
Book III.4:1-22. On campaign the soldiers will have the country and by double entendre the river’s waters flow to their tune (as they relieve themselves in it!)
The European Continent.
Book II.28A:47-62. A beauty.
Book III.9:1-60. A reference to their war with the Gods.
Book II.33A:23-44. A victim of drunkenness.
An exiled Greek king of Arcadia who settled on the site of ancient
Book IV.1:1-70. His cattle.
A son of Mars.
Marpessa was the daughter of Evenus, the son of Mars, by his wife Alcippe. Her father wished her to remain virgin, and her suitors were forced to compete in a chariot race with him, the losers forfeiting their lives. Apollo vowed to win her and end the custom, but Idas borrowing his father Neptune’s chariot pre-empted him. Idas snatched her: Evenus gave chase, but killed his horses and drowned himself in the Lycormas, then renamed the Evenus, in disgust at failing to overtake Idas. Apollo and Idas fought over Marpessa, but Jupiter parted them and she chose Idas fearing that Apollo would be faithless to her.
Book I.2:1-32. He is mentioned.
Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosos, Cunctator (‘The
He was appointed Dictator of Rome
after Hannibal’s victory at
Book III.3:1-52. An ironic subject for epic.
A district in Campania producing a strong, highly-prized wine, Falernian.
Book IV.6:1-86. A prized wine.
Book II.34:1-94. Fame personified. (But fama also means public opinion, rumour and tradition, a little gentle irony here?)
The Fates, The Three Goddesses, The Parcae, The Three Sisters.
The three Fates were born of Erebus and Night. Clothed in white, they spin, measure out, and sever the thread of each human life. Clotho spins the thread. Lachesis measures it. Atropos wields the shears.
A town near
The Roman Forum. The main thoroughfare.
Book IV.4:1-94. The
centre of early
Book IV.8:1-88. A licentious area.
Book IV.9:1-74. Its origins.
A town not far from Rome in
Book IV.1:1-70. Overshadowed later by
A river near Tarentum.Tarentum
was a city on the ‘heel’ of
A sea nymph, daughter of Nereus
and Doris. ( See the fresco ‘Galatea’ by Raphael,
See Ovid’s Metamorphoses XIII 738 onwards.
Book I.8:1-26. Sicilian
coasts are intended, since her story is set on
Book III.2:1-26. Listened to the Song of Polyphemus.
Book III.12:1-38. Her faithfulness.
The Gauls of the region
Phrygian from Gallus a
A friend of Propertius.
Book I.5:1-32. He is warned off.
Book I.10:1-30. Advice to him.
Book I.13:1-36. Gallus in love.
Book I:20:1-52. Has a male lover, a handsome boy.
Book IV.1A:71-150. He died in war.
Gaius Cornelius Gallus (c69-26BC). The first notable Roman elegiac poet who wrote of his mistress Lycoris. He was First Prefect of Egypt, but lost Augustus’s favour perhaps through ambition and was obliged to commit suicide.
Book II.34:1-94. Recently dead, dating Book II to around 26BC.
Book III.22:1-42. The
monster with three bodies, killed by Hercules. In the
Tenth Labour, Hercules brought back Geryon’s famous herd of cattle after
shooting three arrows through the three bodies. Geryon was the son of Chrysaor
and Callirhoë, and King of Tartessus in
The sons of Heaven and Earth, Uranus and Ge. They rebelled against Jupiter but were defeated and buried beneath mountains and volcanos.
Book III.5:1-48. Tormented underground.
The ora Gigantea is the volcanic Phlegrean plain, north of
Book I:20:1-52. A country pleasure area.
A fisherman of Anthedon in Boeotia. He was transformed into a sea god by the chance eating of a magic herb, and told the story of his transformation to Scylla who rejected him. He asked Circe for help and she in turn fell in love with him. See Ovid’s Metamorphoses Book XII 906.
Book II.26:1-20. A sea-god.
Book I.3:1-46. Ariadne comes from there.
Book II.12:1-24. Cretan.
Medusa was the best known of the Three Gorgons, the daughters of Phorcys. A winged monster with snake locks, glaring eyes and brazen claws whose gaze turns men to stone. Her sisters were Stheino and Euryale. Perseus was helped by Athene-Minerva and Hermes-Mercury to overcome Medusa. He was not to look at her head directly but only in a brightly-polished shield. He cut off her head with an adamantine sickle, at which Pegasus the winged horse and the warrior Chrysaor sprang from her body. He used her head to petrify Atlas. Minerva had placed snakes on her head because Medusa was violated, by Neptune, in Minerva’s temple.
Book II.25:1-48. Turned men to stone with her gaze.
Book III.22:1-42. Her head severed by Perseus. The Gorgons lived in the lands of the Hyperboreans to the far north-west.
The fountain that was created by a blow from Pegasus’s hoof. He was a child sprung from the blood of the Gorgon Medusa. Medusa was one of the three Gorgons, daughters of Phorcys the wise old man of the sea. She is represented in the sky by part of the constellation Perseus, who holds her decapitated head. Perseus turned Atlas and others to stone with her severed head. Neptune lay with her in the form of a bird, and she produced Pegasus. See Ovid’s Metamorphoses IV 743 and VI 119.
Book II.32:1-62. Greek women.
Book II.34:1-94. Greek authors.
Book III.1:1-38. Greek metres/rhythms.
Book III.7:1-72. The Greek fleet.
Book IV.8:1-88. Greek wine.
A lake near
Book I.6:1-36. It is mentioned.
A binary star (zeta Aurigae) in the constellation Auriga, the Charioteer (of which the brightest star is Capella).
Book II.26A:21-58. A harbinger of good weather if seen clearly.
Book II.8A:1-40. His death for love is mentioned.
The ancient name for Thessaly.
Book II.8A:1-40. Achilles’s Thessalian horses.
Book II.10:1-26. A Thessalian horse the metaphor for epic poetry.
Nymphs of the woods.
Book I:20:1-52. They are mentioned.
Book II.34:1-94. Wanton or loose. (facilis)
general, son of Hamilcar, who campaigned in
Book III.3:1-52. Subject of epic.
Book III.11:1-72. His spoils.
Book I.13:1-36. She is mentioned.
The Trojan hero, son of Priam and Hecuba. His wife was Andromache. He torched the Greek ships, and terrified the Greeks in battle, bringing the gods with him to the battlefield. He was killed by Achilles.
Book II.22:1-42. His fierceness unaffected by lovemaking.
Book III.8:1-34. The main champion of the Trojans.
Book IV.6:1-86. Trojans. People of Hector.
Book II.1:1-78. Noted for her many lovers and suitors.
Book II.3:1-54. A standard for feminine beauty.
II.15:1-54. Desired by
Book II.32:1-62. Went with a foreign stranger.
Book III.8:1-34. The lover of
Book III.14:1-34. Helen exercised bare-breasted with her brothers.
Book III.1:1-38. A famous name.
The mountain in Boeotia near
the Gulf of Corinth where the Muses lived. The sacred springs of
Book II.10:1-26. The place of poetic inspiration.
Book III.5:1-48. Symbol of the poetic life.
The daughter of Athamas
and Nephele, sister of Phrixus. Escaping from Ino on the
golden ram, she fell into the sea and was drowned, giving her name to the
Book II.26:1-20. Drowned, giving her name to the waters.
Book III.22:1-42. Her cities of the region.
The Hero, son of Jupiter. He was set in the sky as the constellation Hercules between Lyra and Corona Borealis.
Book I.11:1-30. Book III.18:1-34. The causeway at Baiae attributed to him. It was a narrow
strip of land, the via Herculea, dividing the
Book II.23:1-24. Jupiter predicted at his birth that a scion of Perseus would be born, greater than all other descendants. Juno delayed Hercules birth and hastened that of Eurystheus, grandson of Perseus, making Hercules subservient to him. Hercules was set twelve labours by Eurystheus at Juno’s instigation:
1. The killing of the Nemean lion.
2. The destruction of the Lernean Hydra. He used the poison from the Hydra for his arrows.
3. The capture of the stag with golden antlers.
4. The capture of the Erymanthian Boar.
5. The cleansing of the stables of Augeas king of Elis.
The killing of the birds of the
7. The capture of the Cretan wild bull.
8. The capture of the mares of Diomede of Thrace, that ate human flesh.
10. The killing of Geryon and the capture of his oxen.
12. The bringing of the dog Cerberus from Hades to the upper world.
Book II.24A:17-52. His Twelve Labours are referred to.
Book III.1:1-38 He
captured Troy and rescued Hesione, with the help of Telamon,
and gave her to Telamon in marriage. Philoctetes
received his bow and arrows after his death, destined to be needed at
Book I.4:1-28. Famed for her beauty.
The three nymphs who tended the garden with the
golden apples on a western island beyond
Book II.24A:17-52. A demanding task.
Book III.22:1-42. Their dances in the far west.
The evening star (the planet Venus). It sets after the sun and remains close to the sun being an inner planet. Hence the meaning of Western or Italian.
Book II.3:1-54. Western.
The Roman province in south-western
Book II.3:1-54. Vermilion dye came from there.
a priestess of Athene-Minerva, and Hilaira
a priestess of Diana-Artemis, daughters of Leucippus, the Messenian co-king were
abducted and raped by Castor and Pollux
(Polydeuces) known as the Dioscuri, the sons of Jupiter
by Leda. The two sisters had been
betrothed to Lynceus and Idas the sons of Aphareus king in
Book I.2:1-32. She is mentioned as a woman who relied on her natural charms.
The daughter of Oenomaus, the Arcadian ruler of
Book I.2:1-32. She is mentioned as a woman who relied on her natural beauty only.
Book I.8A:27-46. Her
dowry was the
Queen of the Amazons,
warrior maidens living near the Rivers Tanaïs and Thermodon in Scythia, based on Greek knowledge of
the Scythian princesses of the Sarmatian people of the
Book IV.3:1-72. Able to go to war.
The son of Theseus and
the Amazon Hippolyte.
He was admired by Phaedra, his
step-mother, and was killed at Troezen, after meeting ‘a bull from the sea’. He
was brought to life again by Aesculapius, and hidden by Diana
(Cynthia, the moon-goddess) who set him down in the sacred grove at Arician Nemi, where he became Virbius, the
consort of the goddess (as Adonis was of Venus, and Attis of Cybele), and the King of the Wood (Rex
Nemorensis). All this is retold and developed in Frazer’s monumental work
on magic and religion, ‘The Golden Bough’ (see Chapter I et seq.). (See also
Euripides’s play ‘Hippolytos’, and
Book II.1:1-78. Phaedra’s stepson.
Book IV.5:1-78. Resisted Phaedra’s advances.
The possibly mythical Greek epic poet who wrote the Iliad and Odyssey.
Book I.7:1-26. The greatest of poets.
Book I.9:1-34. Not too useful when in love.
Book II.34:1-94. Is supposed to have loved Penelope, as recorded by Hermesianax.
Book III.1:1-38. His Iliad.
Book III.3:1-52. A subject for epic.
Book III.11:1-72. Horatius, who kept the bridge against Lars Porsena’s army. (see Macaulay’s poem from Lays of Ancient Rome)
An unknown astrologer. Perhaps fictitious.
A region on the northern borders of Scythia.
Book I.8:1-26. Distant,
A Centaur who attacked and tried to rape Atalanta at the Calydonian Boar Hunt. He wounded her lover Milanion (or Meleager) as he protected her, and was shot down by her. (Many variants of this myth exist).
Book I.1:1-38. He is mentioned.
The beautiful son of Theodamas, loved by Hercules, who sailed with the hero on the Argos. Propertius tells how Hylas was pursued by Zetes and Calais, the sons of the North Wind, escaped them, but was taken by the Nymphs.
Book I:20:1-52. The story of Hylas.
Book IV.4:1-94. The god of marriage. His blessing was asked at the marriage-feast.
A river in southern
Book I.12:1-20. Mentioned.
A daughter of Danaus. She refused to obey her father and would not murder her husband on his wedding night. Her forty-nine sisters obeyed.
Book IV.7:1-96. The virtuous exception.
daughter of Thoas, king of
Thoas was king there when the Lemnian women murdered their menfolk because of their adultery with Thracian girls. His life was spared because his daughter Hypsipyle set him adrift in an oarless boat. As Queen of Lemnos she welcomed Jason and the Argonauts. He deserted her to continue the quest for the Golden Fleece.
Book I.15:1-42. She mourned for him.
The region around the
Book II.3:1-54. A name for Bacchus from the ecstatic shouts of his followers the Maenads.
the daughter of Iasus of Calydon. He exposed her on the Parthenian hill near
Book I.1:1-38. She is mentioned.
The son of Aeson, and leader of the Argonauts: hero of the adventure of the Golden Fleece. The fleece is represented in the sky by the constellation and zodiacal sign of Aries, the Ram. In ancient times it contained the point of the vernal equinox (The First Point of Aries) that has since moved by precession into Pisces. He reached Colchis and the court of King Aeetes. He accepted Medea’s help and promised her marriage. He completed the tasks set and won the Golden Fleece, and married Medea, before returning to Iolchos.He asked Medea to lengthen his father’s life.He acquired the throne of Corinth, and married a new bride Glauce (Creusa). Medea in revenge for his disloyalty to her sent Glauce a wedding gift of a golden crown and white robe, which burst into flames when she put them on, and consumed her and the palace. Medea then killed her own sons by Jason, and fled his wrath.
Book II.24A:17-52. He abandons Medea.
Book III.13:1-66. Disdainful of the suitors’ gifts.
The daughter of Icarius the Athenian, Erigone was loved by Bacchus. Her country was Panchaia. She was set in the sky as the constellation Virgo, after her suicide, by hanging, in despair at finding her father Icarius’s body. He had learned the art of winemaking and gave the wine to some peasants who thinking they were poisoned murdered him. Icarius is identified with the constellation Boötes.
Book II.33A:23-44. The constellation.
Idaeus, Ida, Idalius,
A son of Neptune, putative son of Aphareus king
Marpessa was the daughter of Evenus, the son of Mars, by his wife Alcippe. Her father wished her to remain virgin, and her suitors were forced to compete in a chariot race with him, the losers forfeiting their lives. Apollo vowed to win her and end the custom, but Idas borrowing his father Neptune’s chariot pre-empted him. Idas snatched her: Evenus gave chase, but killed his horses and drowned himself in the Lycormas then renamed the Evenus in disgust at failing to overtake Idas. Apollo and Idas fought over Marpessa, but Jupiter parted them and she chose Idas fearing that Apollo would be faithless to her.
Book I.2:1-32. He is mentioned.
A name for Troy.
IV.4:1-94. The embers of fallen
Book II.1:1-78. Mentioned for its length and greatness.
Book II.34:1-94. The standard of highest poetic achievement.
The North-Eastern seaboard of the
Book I.8:1-26. Cold climate.
Book II.16:1-56. A Roman province. A praetor arrives from there.
Io, daughter of Inachus.
Book I.13:1-36. Inachus was King of Argos, hence Argive=Greek.
The Indian sub-continent, part of Asia.
Book I.8A:27-46. Pearls were imported from there.
Book II.9:1-52. A military outposting.
II.10:1-26. Subject to
Book II.22:1-42. A source of gemstones.
Book III.13:1-66. Herodotus and Pliny say that ants brought gold dust from the Indian mines in winter, which was gathered by the Indians in summer when the ants sheltered from the heat. See Herodotus Book III Chs. 102-105.
The daughter of Cadmus, wife of Athamas, and sister of Semele and Agave. She fosters the infant Bacchus. She participated in the killing of Pentheus. She incurred the hatred of Juno. Maddened by Tisiphone, and the death of her son Learchus, at the hand of his father, she leapt into the sea, and was changed to the sea-goddess Leucothoë by Neptune, at Venus’s request.
Book II.28:1-46. Became a goddess. Changes of fortune.
The daughter of Inachus a river-god of
Book I.3:1-46. She is mentioned.
Book II.28:1-46. Changes of fortune.
Book II.30:1-40. Loved by Jupiter.
Book III.22:1-42. Transformed by Juno.
They return there with Medea and the Golden Fleece.
Book II.1:1-78. Medea in Iolcus.
Book II.26:1-20. The
Book II.28A:47-62. A beauty.
Melampus the son of Amythaon, undertook to steal the cattle of Iphiclus for Neleus, so that Bias his brother or he himself could win Pero, Neleus’s daughter. He was captured and chained but escaped and succeeded in marrying her.
Book II.3:1-54. Iphiclus is mentioned.
The daughter of Agamemnon, king of Mycenae, and Clytaemnestra. She is called Mycenis. She was sacrificed by her father at Aulis, to gain favourable winds for the passage to Troy but snatched away by Diana. (to Tauris)
Book III.5:1-48. In the underworld.
Book II.2:1-16. Her beauty. A daughter of the Lapithae.
Isthmos, The Isthmus
The Isthmus of Corinth
Book I.22:1-10. The country and people.
Book III.7:1-72. Italian shores.
Book III.1:1-38. Italian mysteries. (Itala orgia)
Book III.22:1-42. Italian waters.
Odysseus, the hero from
(See Francesco Primaticcio’s painting – Ulysses and Penelope – The Toledo Museum of Art)
Book III.12:1-38. Of
The son of Tereus and Procne. He was murdered by his mother in revenge for Tereus’s rape of Philomela, and his flesh was served to his father at a banquet. See Ovid’s Metamorphoses Book VI 437.
Book III.10:1-32. His mother’s grief.
King of Numidia, in
Book III.5:1-48. In the underworld.
Of the Julian dynasty.
The daughter of Rhea and Saturn,
wife of Jupiter, and the queen of the gods. A
representation of the pre-Hellenic Great Goddess. (See the Metope of
Book II.2:1-16. The sister, and wife, of Jupiter.
Book II.5:1-30. The goddess of women’s arts, and domestic order.
Book IV.1A:71-150. Presides over childbirth.
The sky-god, son of Saturn
and Rhea, born on
Book II.2:1-16. Responsible for a long list of rapes of desirable girls, and many resultant offspring. His adulteries resented by Juno.
Book II.3:1-54. Notorious adulterer.
Book II.7:1-20. Powerless to separate loyal lovers.
Book II.16:1-56. Punishes faithless girls.
Book II.26A:21-58, Sends the lightning.
Book II.28:1-46. A God who protects lovely girls.
Book II.33:1-22. He loved Io.
Book II.34:1-94. A potential rival where lovely women are concerned.
Book III.11:1-72. The gods behaviour reprehensible, by analogy Augustus’s also.
Book III.24:1-20. Not a god of commonsense.
Book IV.1A:71-150. Prophecies bought for gold. Jupiter the planet astrologically connected with good fortune (Fortuna Maior). Ammon, an Egyptian and Libyan god, worshipped in the form of a Ram-headed deity, was identified by the Romans and Greeks with Jupiter and Zeus.
King of the Lapithae, father of Pirithoüs, and of the Centaurs.
The father of Nessus and the other centaurs. He attempted to seduce Juno, but Jupiter created a false image of her, caught Ixion in the act with this simulacrum, and bound him to a fiery wheel that rolls through the sky (or turns in the Underworld).
Book IV.11:1-102. Tormented in Hades.