Ovid: The Metamorphoses
A Complete English Translation and Mythological Index
With selected illustrations by Hendrik Goltzius (The Netherlands, 1558-1617) courtesy of LACMA.
Book I (Chaos, Four Ages, Flood, Daphne, Io, Syrinx, Phaethon)
Book II (Phaethon’s fall, Callisto, Coronis, Aglauros, Europa)
Book III (Cadmus, Actaeon, Semele, Tiresias, Narcissus, Pentheus)
Book IV (Pyramus, Leucothoe, Salmacis, Ino, Cadmus, Perseus)
Book V (Perseus, Calliope, Proserpine, Arethusa, The Pierides)
Book VI (Arachne, Niobe, Marsyas, Procne, Philomela, Boreas)
Book VII (Jason, Medea, Minos, The Plague, Myrmidons, Procris)
Book VIII (Scylla, Daedalus, Icarus, Meleager, Philemon and Baucis)
Book IX (Hercules, Alcmene, Iole, Galanthis, Dryope,Byblis, Iphis)
Book X (Orpheus, Pygmalion, Myrrha, Venus and Adonis, Atalanta)
Book XI (Death of Orpheus, Midas, Peleus, Ceyx, Alcyone, Aesacus)
Book XII (Rumour, Cycnus, Caeneus, Lapiths and Centaurs, Achilles)
Book XIII (Ajax, Ulysses, Polyxena, Hecuba, Memnon, Galatea, Glaucus)
Book XIV (Scylla, Sibyl, Polyphemus, Circe, Picus, Pomona, Romulus)
Book XV (Pythagoras, Hippolytus, Cipus, Aesculapius, The Caesars)
The Text is fully hyper-linked to the Mythological index and vice versa. Each Book is arranged in paragraphs, with each paragraph headed by the corresponding line reference in the Latin text.
About This Work
In the Metamorphoses Ovid retells stories from the Greek myths, arranging them in roughly chronological order, from the origins of the world to his own times. His charming and graceful versions, full of life and interest, express his humanist approach, his feeling for pathos, and his endless curiosity and delight in human affairs. Each tale involves a transformation of some kind, and the whole collection provided a potent source of motifs and images for later art, especially the paintings, sculpture, and verse of the Renaissance.
The role of women in the myths seems particularly important to Ovid, and this aspect of his work, his interest in the female element, is reflected elsewhere in his poetry, and strongly influenced European culture. Dante, and Shakespeare, in particular, echo sentiments and imagery in the Metamorphoses.
The Metamorphoses are an ideal resource for those wishing to enter the world of the Greek myths, as well as the refined atmosphere of Augustan Rome. Ovid was aware of the scale and beauty of his achievement, and himself ended the work with a promise of his own literary immortality.
About the Author
Ovid (Publius Ovidius Naso) was born in Sulmo, Italy in 43BC. Intended for the law he instead took up poetry, writing the Amores, and the Art of Love (Ars Amatoria), works which caused offence in some quarters, including amongst the ruling dynasty. Ovid made amends, to a degree, in the Metamorphoses, where Augustus and Livia are echoed in Jupiter and Juno, and marriage is celebrated in key moments of the text.
Involved on the fringes of power and politics, it seems that Ovid saw but was not directly implicated in some event that antagonised the Emperor. Ovid was banished in 8AD, to Tomis (now Constanta, in Romania) on the Black Sea coast. In his letters from exile he claims his punishment was for a poem, probably the Art of Love, and an error. The details of the error remain unknown.
Prevented from returning to his beloved Rome, but still continuing to write from an alien land, Ovid outlived Augustus, and died at Tomis in 17AD.
Translated by A. S. Kline © 2000 All Rights Reserved
This work may be freely reproduced, stored, and transmitted, electronically or otherwise, for any non-commercial purpose.
Last Modified 1st November 2011