The Three Goddesses, The Moirai,
The Parcae. The three Fates were born of Erebus
and Night. Clothed in white, they spin, measure out, and sever the thread of
each human life. Clotho spins the thread. Lachesis measures it. Atropos wields
Bk VII:182-239 They determine human destiny.
The Erinys, Erinnys, or Eumenides. The Three Sisters were
Alecto, Tisiphone and Megaera, the daughters of Night and Uranus. They were the
personified pangs of cruel conscience that pursued the guilty. (See Aeschylus –
The Eumenides). Their abode was in Hades by the Styx.
Bk II:129-176 Telemachus anticipates his mother might
call on them to avenge his actions.
Bk XI:225-332 Jocaste committing suicide effectively
sends the Furies to torment her son Oedipus.
Bk XV:222-270 They pursued Melampus.
Bk XVII:462-504 Odysseus invokes them against Antinous.
Bk XX:56-119 The daughters of Pandareus are handed over to them.
south-western promontory of Euboea near
Bk III:148-200 Reached by Nestor’s
Monsters, sons of Tartarus and
Earth, with many arms and serpent feet, who made war on the gods by piling up
the mountains, and overthrown by Zeus. They
were buried under Sicily.
Bk VII:1-77 Eurymedon
Bk VII:182-239 Kin to the gods like the Phaeacians.
Gorgon, Gorgo, Medusa
Medusa was the best known of the
Three Gorgons, the daughters of Phorcys. A
winged monster with snake locks, glaring eyes and brazen claws whose gaze
turned men to stone. Her sisters were Stheino and Euryale.
Bk XI:593-640 Odysseus
fears lest Persephone sends the head to
city in south central Crete, on the plain of Mesara, in
modern Iraklion (near the
of Agioi Deka). Probably also the
Bk III:253-312 Mentioned.
of beauty, the daughters of Eurynome and
Zeus. Their names are Pasithea, Cale, and
Euphrosyne. In the Renaissance conceit they represent Giving, Receiving and
Bk VI:1-47 They gifted beauty to Nausicaa’s handmaids.
Bk VIII:256-366 They bathe and anoint Aphrodite.
Bk XVIII:158-205 Aphrodite dances with
island in the Aegean.
Bk IV:464-511 Poseidon
wrecked and drowned Ajax the Lesser
The Halls of
the Dead, in the underworld, and their god.
Bk III:404-463 Neleus is
Bk IV:795-847 Penelope
fears Odysseus may be there.
Bk VI:1-47 Nausithous
Bk IX:480-525 Odysseus wishes Polyphemus there.
Bk X:133-197 Bk
XIV:165-234 Bk XXIII:247-299 Mentioned.
Bk X:449-502 Bk
X:503-574 Circe advises Odysseus he must visit Hades.
Bk XI:1-50 Odysseus invokes the divinities of
Bk XI:51-89 Elpenor’s
ghost is there.
Bk XI:150-224 Teiresias’ ghost returns there after
Bk XI:225-332 Jocaste’s ghost appears to Odysseus from
there. She had hung herself.
Bk XI:385-464 Agamemnon
Bk XI:465-540 Achilles
admires Odysseus’ descent there.
Bk XI:541-592 Minos is
Bk XI:593-640 Heracles
dragged off the hound of Hell, Cerberus.
Bk XII:1-35 Odysseus returns from there to Circe’s island.
Bk XII:374-453 The Sun-god
threatens to go there.
Bk XIV:109-164 The Gates of Hades mentioned.
Bk XV:301-350 Odysseus
asks if his parents are there.
Bk XXIII:300-372 Odysseus tells the tale of
his visit there.
Bk XXIV:98-204 The Suitors’ ghost arrive there.
An Ithacan prophet, the son of Mastor,
friendly to Odysseus.
Bk II:129-176 He prophesied Odysseus’ return
after twenty years.
Bk XVII:61-106 Telemachus recognises him as an old
friend of Odysseus.
Bk XXIV:412-462 He advises the Ithacans not
to attack Odysseus.
A son of Alcinous.
Bk VIII:104-151 He competes in the Games.
Bk VIII:367-415 One of the best dancers.
The ‘Snatchers’, Aellopus and Ocypete, the fair-haired,
loathsome, winged daughters of Thaumas and the ocean nymph Electra, who
snatched up criminals for punishment by the Furies. They
lived in a cave in Cretan Dicte. They plagued Phineus of Salmydessus, the blind
prophet, and were chased away by the winged sons of Boreas. An alternative myth
has Phineus drive them away to the Strophades where Ovid has Aeneas meet the
harpy Aëllo, and Virgil, Celaeno. They are foul-bellied birds with girls’
faces, and clawed hands, and their faces are pale with hunger. (See Ovid’s Metamorphoses
Bk VII:1-73 and Bk XIII:705-737. Virgil’s Aeneid III:190-220)
Bk I:213-251 Telemachus imagines the Harpies have
Bk XX:56-119 They snatched away the daughters
of Zeus and Hera, and
wife of Heracles. Cup-bearer to the gods.
Bk XI:593-640 Mentioned.
The daughter of Leda and Zeus (Tyndareus
was her putative father), sister of Clytemnaestra,
and the Dioscuri. The wife of
Menelaüs. She was taken, by Paris,
to Troy, instigating the Trojan War,
which she survived.
Bk IV:1-58 Hermione was
her only child, by Menelaus.
Bk IV:113-154 Helen, likened to Artemis, sees Telemachus’ resemblance to his father.
Bk IV:155-219 She weeps for the dead Greeks.
Bk IV:220-289 She laces the wine with a
beneficial drug, and speaks about Odysseus
in disguise at Troy.
Bk IV:290-350 Helen has beds made up for
Telemachus and Peisitratus.
Bk IV:548-592 Bk
XVII:107-165 Wife of Menelaus.
Bk XI:385-464 Bk
XXII:200-240 The cause of so many Greek deaths.
Bk XIV:48-108 Eumaeus wishes she had perished
since she was the cause of so many deaths.
Bk XV:56-119 She chooses a gift for Telemachus.
Bk XV:120-182 She prophesies Odysseus’ return.
Bk XXIII:205-246 Penelope claims her as an example of a woman
led astray by the gods.
Bk XXIV:1-56 The Gates of the Sun, on the path to Hades.
Perhaps a reference to the Pillars
of Hercules, i.e. the
gateway to the west.
perhaps northern Greece.
In the Iliad it refers to Achilles’
territory in Thessaly.
Bk I:325-364 Bk
IV:721-766 Bk IV:795-847 Odysseus’ fame is widespread there.
Bk XI:465-540 Northern Greece,
containing the land of the Myrmidons.
Bk XV:56-119 Menelaus
offers to show Telemachus northern Greece.
straits that link the Propontis with the Aegean Sea. Named after Helle, and close to the site of
Troy. Helle was he daughter of Athamas and Nephele,
and sister of Phrixus. Escaping from Ino on the golden ram, she fell into the sea and
was drowned, giving her name to the straits.
tomb on a headland jutting into the straits.
The son of Zeus and Hera, and
blacksmith of the gods. The husband of Aphrodite.
Bk IV:593-624 Bk
XV:56-119 He made the silver bowl that Menelaus
Bk VI:198-250 Bk
XXIII:141-204 The teacher of clever craftsmen.
Bk VII:78-132 Maker of the gold and silver dogs
that magically guard Alcinous’ palace.
Bk VIII:256-366 He snares Ares and his own wife Aphrodite while they are making love. He
frees them at Poseidon’s request.
Bk XXIV:57-97 The god of fire. The maker of Achilles’ funeral urn.
The Queen of
the Gods, and wife of Zeus.
Bk IV:512-547 She protected Agamemnon, at sea.
Bk VIII:416-468 Bk
XV:56-119 Bk XV:120-182 Zeus is her
Bk XI:593-640 Mother of Hebe.
Bk XII:36-110 She helped the Argo pass the Wandering Rocks because of her care
XX:56-119 She blessed the daughters of Pandareus
with beauty and wisdom.
The hero, son
of Zeus and Alcmena,
the wife of Amphitryon. Called Alcides from Amphitryon’s father Alceus. Called
also Amphitryoniades. Called also Tirynthius from Tiryns
his home city in the Argolis. Zeus predicted at his
birth that a scion of Perseus would be
born, greater than all other descendants. Hera delayed Hercules birth and
hastened that of Eurystheus, grandson of Perseus, making Hercules subservient
to him. Hercules was set the famous twelve labours by Eurystheus at Hera’s
Bk VIII:199-255 Noted for his archery.
Bk XI:225-332 His parentage.
Bk XI:593-640 Odysseus meets his ghost in Hades.
His labours, including dragging Cerberus the hound out of Hell. His wife was Hebe.
Bk XXI:1-79 He killed Iphitus
and stole he mares.
The messenger god, son of Zeus and the Pleiad Maia, the daughter of Atlas. His birthplace was
Cyllene. He had winged feet, and a
winged cap, carried a scimitar, and had a magic wand, the caduceus, with twin
snakes twined around it, that brought sleep and healing. The caduceus is the
symbol of medicine. (See Botticelli’s painting Primavera.) He was summoned by
Zeus to lull Argus, the many-eyed monstrous
guard of Io, to sleep and killed him.
Bk I:22-43 Sent to warn Aegisthus.
Bk I:44-95 Athene
suggests he be sent to Ogygia to tell Calypso that Odysseus
must return home.
Bk V:1-42 Bk V:43-91
Bk V:92-147 Zeus
sends him to Calypso to tell her that Odysseus must be released from her isle.
Bk V:148-191 Bk
V:192-261 He leaves Calypso’s isle.
Bk VII:133-181 The Phaeacians pour libations to him (as god of
Bk VIII:256-366 He jokes with Apollo at Ares’
and Aphrodite’s predicament.
Bk X:251-301 Bk
X:302-347 Called the god ‘of the Golden Wand’. He helps Odysseus by giving him the magic herb, moly.(Moly has been variously identified as ‘wild rue’, wild cyclamen,
and a sort of garlic, allium moly. John Gerard’s Herbal of 1633 Ch.100
gives seven plants under this heading, of which the third, Moly Homericum,
is he suggests the Moly of Theophrastus, Pliny and Homer – and he
describes it as wild garlic.)
Bk XI:593-640 He guided Heracles
Bk XII:374-453 He told Calypso about Helios’
complaint to the gods.
Bk XIV:409-456 Eumaeus sets aside a portion of meat and
prays to him. (As a god of herdsmen)
Bk XV:301-350 Odysseus invokes him.
Bk XVI:452-481 The Hill of Hermes on Ithaca, implying his worship there.
Bk XIX:361-47 He favours Autolycus.
Bk XXIV:1-56 Bk
XXIV:98-204 Cyllenian, from
Cyllene. He conducts the ghosts of
the Suitors to Hades.
He is the Helper or Deliverer, so beneficent.
of Menelaus and Helen.
Bk IV:1-58 She is said to have Aphrodite’s beauty, and is to be married to Neoptolemus.
Bk XVIII:158-205 Penelope summons her.
The father of
Aeolus, king of the winds.
Bk X:1-55 Mentioned.
A fictitious Cretan.
Bk XIV:165-234 The father of
close to Sicily, probably southern Italy,
where the Phaeacians lived before migrating to Scherie.
Bk VI:1-47 Mentioned.
in Achaia in Western Greece.
Bk XV:222-270 The home of Polypheides.
A name used
for the sun god, and his father. Created by Eurynome, the Goddess of All
Things. Also called Helios.
Bk I:1-21 His cattle eaten by Odysseus’ followers, causing him to take
revenge by denying their return home.
Bk I:22-43 The sun sets and rises at the two
remote extremities of the Earth, to east and west, inhabited by ‘Ethiopians’.
Bk VIII:256-366 He tells Hephaestus
of his wife Aphrodite’s infidelity.
Bk X:133-197 The father of Circe and Aeetes,
Bk XI:90-149 His sacred cattle on the
of Thrinacia. Teiresias warns Odysseus not to touch
Bk XII:111-164 Circe repeats the warning.
Bk XII:165-200 The heat of the sun.
Bk XII:260-319 Odysseus reaches his
Bk XII:320-373 Bk XIX:220-307 Odysseus’ crew steal his
Bk XII:374-453 He complains to the gods about
the theft of his cattle.
Bk XXIII:300-372 Odysseus tells the tale.
A river in Cydonia (Khania in Crete).
Bk III:253-312 Mentioned.
Bk V:92-147 Loved by Demeter. Killed by her brother Zeus.
King of Orchomenus.
Bk XI:225-332 The father of Amphion (2).
King of Cyprus,
father of Dmetor.
Bk XVII:396-461 Mentioned.
The legendary son of Phoroneus. When he died
Phoroneus’ sons, Pelasgus, Iasus, and Agenor divided the Peloponnese between them.
is described as Iasian.
The father of
Bk I:325-364 Bk
XI:385-464 Bk XVI:393-451 Bk XVII:551-606
Bk XVIII:158-205 Bk XVIII:206-283 Bk XVIII:284-339
Bk XIX:361-47 Bk
XIX:508-553 Bk XX:345-394 Bk XXI:1-79
Bk XXI:311-358 Bk XXIV:98-204 Mentioned as Penelope’s father.
Bk II:35-84 He has the right to marry her off if
Odysseus is dead.
Bk II:129-176 If Penelope remarries, Telemachus must repay the bride price
from her marriage to Odysseus.
Bk IV:795-847 The father of Penelope’s sister, Iphthime.
Bk XIX:53-99 He made Penelope’s inlaid chair.
King of Crete, leader of the Cretan contingent
fighting against Troy.
Bk III:148-200 He returned safely from
Bk XIII:256-310 Odysseus pretends to have killed his son Orsilochus.
Bk XIV:235-292 Odysseus pretends to have been
a Cretan who went to Troy with
Bk XIV:360-408 Eumaeus has heard of Odysseus being in
Bk XIX:164-219 He was the son of Deucalion.
of Troy, named after Ilus son of
Bk II:1-34 Famous for its horses.
The citadel destroyed at the end of the TrojanWar.
Bk XI:150-224 Bk
XIV:48-108 Bk XVII:290-327 Bk XVIII:206-283
Bk XIX:100-163 Bk XIX:164-219 Bk XXIV:98-204
Odysseus fought there.
Bk XIX:220-307 Bk XIX:554-604 Bk XXIII:1-84 Penelope
calls it ‘Ilium the Evil’.
The son of Mermerus.
Bk I:252-305 Odysseus
visited him seeking poison for his arrow-heads.
The daughter of Cadmus, and wife of Athamas, and sister of
Semele and Agave. She fostered the infant Dionysus.She
incurred the hatred of Hera, and maddened by the Fury, Tisiphone, and the death of her son Learchus, at the hand of
his father, she leapt into the sea, and was changed to the sea-goddess Leucothoë by Poseidon,
at Aphrodite’s request.
Bk V:313-387 As Leucothea, she aids Odysseus by lending him her veil.
Bk V:451-493 Odysseus returns her veil.
Iocasta, Jocasta, see
Iolcus, Iolchos, Iolciacus
town in Thessaly from which the Argonauts sailed.
Bk XI:225-332 Pelias
was its king.
King of Phylace.
Bk XI:225-332Bk XV:222-270 The
son of Phylacus. Melampus
stole his cattle in order to win Pero for his brother Bias.
of Triops, seduced by Poseidon.
Bk XI:225-332 The mother of Ephialtes and Otus,
the Aloeids. Her ghost appeared to Odysseus.
The son of Eurytus.
Bk XXI:1-79 He gave Odysseus a bow. He was killed by Heracles.
Daughter of Icarius, wife of Eumelus,
and sister to Penelope.
Bk IV:795-847 Athene
sends a phantom in her likeness to Penelope.
Bk XVIII:1-49 He threatens Odysseus.
Bk XVIII:50-116 Bk XVIII:206-283 Bk XVIII:284-339 Bk XVIII:340-393
defeats him in a fist-fight.
wine-growing region of the Thracian coast, north of the
Bk IX:1-62 Bk
IX:63-104 The Cicones lived there.
Bk IX:193-255 Apollo
was its guardian god.
home of Odysseus, off the coast of Greece,
in the Ionian Sea (to the west of mainland Greece,
traditionally accepted as the modern Thiaki).
Bk I:1-21 Bk
III:51-101 Bk IV:548-592 Bk IX:1-62
Bk IX:480-525 Bk
IX:526-566 Bk X:503-574 Bk XI:1-50
Bk XI:90-149 Bk
XI:465-540 Bk XII:320-373 Bk XIV:109-164
Bk XIV:293-359 Bk
XVI:1-59 Bk XVIII:1-49 Bk XX:299-344
Bk XXI:245-310 Bk
XXII:1-67 Bk XXIII:141-204
Bk XXIV:205-30 Odysseus’ homeland.
Bk I:44-95 Athene
proposes to visit Telemachus there.
Bk I:96-155 Bk
I:156-212 Athene visits Ithaca
disguised as Mentes.
Bk I:213-251Bk I:365-420 Bk XVI:112-153 Bk XXI:311-358 The island is the power center
for the locale, and supports a local aristocracy, and potentially a
Bk II:129-176 Bk
XIX:100-163 Called ‘clear-skied’ (clearly-seen).
Bk II:260-295 An island of sea-farers.
Bk III:201-252 Nestor
asks if a god has turned its people against Telemachus.
Bk IV:593-624 The island is goat-pasture, with
steep cliffs, unsuitable for horses.
Bk IV:625-674 Bk
IV:795-847 Bk XV:1-55 The straits between
Ithaca and rocky Samos, containing the island
Bk IX:1-62 A problematic statement that
is low in the sea and furthest west. For a discussion on identification
problems see Ernle Bradford’s ‘Ulysses Found’ Appendix II.
Bk XI:150-224 Anticleia’s
ghost asks whether Odysseus has yet been home to Ithaca.
Bk XIII:53-95 Bk
XIII:96-158 The Phaeacian ship
carrying Odysseus reaches the island.
Bk XIII:159-215 Odysseus wakes and fails to recognise the
Bk XIII:216-255 A description of the nature
of the island. Rugged, unsuitable for horses, rich in crops and vineyards, good
goat and cattle pasture, wooded and well-watered.
Bk XIII:256-310 Its name is widely known
because of Odysseus.
Bk XIII:311-365 Odysseus fails to recognise
the island at first.
Bk XIV:48-108 Bk
XVII:204-253 The goat herds grazed on the island.
Bk XIV:165-234 The home of Arceisius’ race.
Bk XV:222-270 Telemachus’ homeland.
Bk XV:403-492 Eumaeus
explains how he comes to be on Ithaca.
Bk XV:493-557 Telemachus reaches home.
Bk XVI:213-257 It provides twelve of the
hundred and eight Suitors.
Bk XVI:321-39 Telemachus’ ship makes harbour.
Bk XVI:393-451 Antinous
has a high reputation on the island.
Bk XIX:361-47 Autolycus
once visited the island.
Bk XXI:1-79 The Messenians
stole sheep from the island.
Bk XXI:80-135 Penelope
is the most beautiful of its women.
Bk XXIV:98-204 Amphimedon had hosted Agamemnon on his visit there.
Bk XXIV:302-355 Laertes
anticipates revenge by the men of Ithaca.
Bk XXIV:412-462 The Ithacans gather at the
Bk XXIV:502-54 Athene
orders the Ithacans to cease fighting.
of the Fountain of the Nymphs on Ithaca.
Bk XVII:204-253 Mentioned.
The son of Zethus and Aedon.
Bk XIX:508-553 Killed accidentally by
The son of Aeson, leader of the Argonauts, and hero of the
adventure of the Golden Fleece. The fleece is represented in the sky by the
constellation and zodiacal sign of Aries, the Ram. In ancient times it
contained the point of the vernal equinox (The First Point of Aries) that has
since moved by precession into Pisces.
Bk XII:36-110 Hera
of Sparta, ruled by Menelaus.
Bk III:313-355 Bk XVII:107-165 Mentioned.
Bk IV:1-58 Telemachus
and Peisistratus arrive there. It is
hilly country pierced by valleys.
Bk IV:290-350 Described as pleasant, lovely, a
region of horse pastures.
Bk IV:675-720 Telemachus travels back from
Bk XIII:366-415 Bk XIII:416-440 Athene
proposes to summon Telemachus home from there.
Bk XV:1-55 Athene travels there to prompt
Telemachus to return home.
Bk XXI:1-79 Visited by Odysseus as a youth, when he met Iphitus.
Bk III:404-463 He gilds the horns of the
The father of
Odysseus, and son of Arceisius.
Bk I:156-212 He is living a rural existence on Ithaca, in self-imposed exile from the royal palace.
Bk I:421-444 He purchased Eurycleia as a slave, but honoured her in
Bk II:85-128 Bk
XIX:100-163 Bk XXIV:98-204 Penelope weaves a shroud for him.
Bk IV:59-112 Menelaus
imagines he must be grieving for Odysseus.
Bk IV:548-592 Bk
V:192-261 Bk VIII:1-61 Bk IX:1-62
Bk IX:480-525 Bk
IX:526-566 Bk X:400-448 Bk X:449-502
Bk X:503-574 Bk
XI:51-89 Bk XI:90-149 Bk XI:385-464
Bk XI:465-540 Bk
XI:593-640 Bk XII:374-453 Bk XIII:366-415
Bk XIV:457-506 Bk
XVI:60-111 Bk XVI:154-212 Bk XVI:452-481
Bk XVII:107-165 Bk XVII:328-395 Bk XVIII:1-49
Bk XVIII:340-393 Bk XIX:164-219 Bk XIX:220-307
Bk XIX:308-360 Bk XIX:554-604 Bk
Bk XXI:245-310 Bk XXII:160-199 The father of Odysseus.
Bk IV:721-766 Penelope sends Dolius to him.
Bk XI:150-224 The ghost of Anticleia, his wife, describes his sad life
Bk XIV:1-47 Eumaeus built his hut and yard
without Laertes knowledge.
Bk XIV:165-234 Like Eumaeus he desires Odysseus’ return.
Bk XIV:409-456 Eumaeus has purchased a slave
without his knowledge.
Bk XV:351-40 Eumaeus speaks about him.
Bk XV:403-492 His wealth originally purchased
Bk XVI:112-153 He is an only son with an only
son. He is grieving for Odysseus, and for Telemachus’
Bk XVI:258-320 Telemachus is not to tell him
about Odysseus’ return.
Bk XXII:160-199 His old shield stored away
among the weapons.
Bk XXII:310-377 His sacrifices to Zeus at the great altar in the courtyard.
Bk XXIII:300-372 Odysseus decides to head for the farm to see
Bk XXIV:205-30 Odysseus tests his ability to
recognise his own son.
Bk XXIV:302-355 Odysseus reveals himself to him.
Bk XXIV:356-411 His Sicilian maid bathes him.
Bk XXIV:463-501 He dons armour to fight for
Bk XXIV:502-54 He is delighted by his son’s
and grandson’s courage.
A race of giant cannibals.
X:56-102 Odysseus reaches their
their chief attacks Odysseus’ men.
X:198-250 Odysseus’ men remember their savagery.
XXIII:300-372 Odysseus tells the tale.
Daughter of Hyperion and Neaera.
XII:111-164 A shepherdess of Hyperion’s herds.
XII:374-453 She tells Hyperion about the theft of his cattle.
of the horses that pulls Dawn’s chariot.
XXIII:205-246 Held back by Athene.
An ancient king of the Laestrygonians.
X:56-102 His citadel.
Son of Alcinous.
VII:133-181 Described as ‘kindly’: Alcinous’ favourite son.
VIII:104-151 Bk VIII:152-198 Bk VIII:199-255 The finest of the Phaeacians.
He competes in the Games, wins the boxing contest, and challenges Odysseus to compete also. He is Odysseus’
host at the Games.
VIII:367-415 He is a fine dancer.
An ancient people of south
western Thessaly. The marriage of Peirithoüs and Hippodameia was disrupted by
Eurytion one of the Centaurs invited to the feast, leading to
the battle between the Lapiths and Centaurs. (See the sculpture from the west
pediment of the Temple of
at Olympia – e.g. the detail,
Lapith Woman and Centaur)
XXI:245-310 The battle between Lapiths and Centaurs.
The daughter of Thestius and wife
of the Spartan king Tyndareus. She had
twin sons Castor and Polydeuces (Pollux), the Tyndaridae, following her rape
by Zeus in the form of a swan. Castor and
Pollux are represented in the sky by the two bright stars in the constellation
of Gemini, the Twins. They were the protectors of mariners appearing in the
rigging as the electrical phenomenon now known as St Elmo’s fire. Gemini
contains the radiant of the Geminid meteor shower. (See the painting Leda, by
Gustave Moreau in the Gustave Moreau Museum Paris)
XI:225-332 Her ghost appears to Odysseus.
The northern Aegean island. The
home of Hephaestus the blacksmith of the gods.
VIII:256-366 Hephaestus journeys there.
A Suitor, the son of Evenor.
XXII:241-309 Wounded by Telemachus.
A Suitor. The son of Oenops.
XXI:136-185 He attempts to string Odysseus’
XXII:310-377 He is killed by Odysseus.
The island (modern Lesvos)
in the eastern Aegean off the west coast of Turkey.
Among its cities were Mytilene and Methymna. Famous as the home of Sappho the
poetess, whose love of women gave rise to the term lesbian.
III:148-200 Passed by Nestor’s fleet during its
return from Troy.
IV:290-350 Bk XVII:107-165 Odysseus’ wrestling match witnessed by Menelaus there. Called ‘well-ordered’ Lesbos.
Daughter of the Titan Coeus, and
mother of Apollo and Artemis by Zeus.
Pursued by a jealous Hera, she was given sanctuary by Delos, a floating island. There between an
olive tree and a date-palm she gave birth to Apollo and Artemis, by
became fixed. A variant has Artemis born on the nearby islet of Ortygia.
VI:48-109 The mother of Artemis, proud of her daughter’s beauty.
Bk XI:225-332 The mother of Apollo.
Bk XI:541-592 Tityos
attempted to rape her at Delphi.
Leucothea, see Ino
The White Goddess, the
sea-goddess into whom Ino was changed. She is a manifestation of the Great
Goddess in her archetypal form. (See Robert Graves’s ‘The White Goddess’)
V:313-387 She aids Odysseus.
The country in North
IV:59-112 Visited by Menelaus in his wanderings.
XIV:293-359 Odysseus pretends to have
A people who live on the fruit of
the ‘lotus’. Based on the sailing time, Ernle Bradford speculates that they
lived on the island of Jerba,
off the coast of Libya
(See ‘Ulysses Found’ chapter 5). The ‘lotus’ itself was possibly cordia myxa,
which has a sloe-like fruit. The current inhabitants are Berbers, a possible
source of the Greek word ‘Barbaros’ for a barbarian, one whose language was
IX:63-104 Odysseus rescues his men
from their lotus-induced lethargy.
Bk XXIII:300-372 Odysseus tells the tale.
A heroine who served Artemis and was killed for her unchastity.
XI:225-332 Her ghost appeared to Odysseus.
daughter of Atlas, a Pleiad, and
mother of Hermes by Zeus.
Bk XIV:409-456 Hermes’
Malea, the southeastern tip of
Lakonia in the southern Peloponnese.
III:253-312 Menelaus’ fleet meets with a gale
IV:512-547 Agamemnon’s ship is carried
from there towards the Argolis.
IX:63-104 Odysseus is driven south
past the nearby island of Cythera and away from his homeward route to
XIX:164-219 Odysseus was supposedly blown off course here, to Crete on his way to Troy.
The son of Melampus,
father of Polypheides, and grandfather
A town and plain on the east
coast of Attica. Site of the famous Greek victory in the
war against Persia
VII:78-132 Athene passes it on her way to
Athens (south-west of Marathon).
A priest of Apollo at Ismarus.
IX:193-255 He gave Odysseus gifts and
wine in return for protection.
The father of Halitherses.
II:129-176 Bk XXIV:412-462 Mentioned.
A herald in Odysseus’ palace, sympathetic to Penelope.
IV:675-720 He tells Penelope that Telemachus
has gone to Pylos.
XVI:213-257 Mentioned by Telemachus.
XVI:393-451 He had warned Penelope of the Suitors’
XVII:166-203 He calls the Suitors to dinner. He is the most popular of the
XXII:310-377 Spared by Telemachus.
XXIV:412-462 he speaks to the Ithacans.
The son of Menelaus
by a slave woman.
IV:1-58 He is betrothed to Alector’s
XV:56-119 He helps Menelaus choose gifts for Telemachus.
XV:120-182 He presents his gift to Telemachus.
The eldest daughter of King Creon of Thebes.
XI:225-332 Heracles married her, after defeating
the Minyan assault on Thebes. Her
children by him were the Alcaids. Her ghost appears to Odysseus.
Minyan seer, grandon of Cretheus, who lived at Pylus in
Messene. The first mortal to be granted prophetic
powers, and practice as a physician.
Bk XI:225-332Bk XV:222-270 He
stole the cattle of Iphiclus,
to help his brother Bias win the hand of Pero. Theoclymenus is his descendant.
father of Amphimedon.
A hostile goat-herd, the son of Dolius.
XVII:204-253 Bk XX:172-239 He abuses Odysseus.
XVII:254-289 He sits among the Suitors.
XVII:328-395 He associates Odysseus with Eumaeus.
XX:240-298 He serves at the feast.
XXI:245-310 Appointed to bring the best she-goats for the feast.
XXII:116-159 He raids the storeroom to bring the Suitors weapons.
XXII:160-199 He is captured by Eumaeus
XXII:200-240 He is left hanging, tied up in the storeroom.
XXII:433-501 He is mutilated.
A treacherous maidservant, the
daughter of Dolius. Eurymachus’ lover.
XVIII:284-339 Bk XIX:53-99 She abuses Odysseus.
The son of the Dawn, who fought for Troy in the Trojan War with Greece.
IV:155-219 He killed Antilochus, Nestor’s son.
XI:465-540 His great beauty, compared to Neoptolemus’.
King of Sparta. The younger son of Atreus, brother of Agamemnon, hence called Atrides minor.
Paris’s theft of his wife Helen instigated the Trojan
I:252-305 Athene suggests Telemachus visit him to seek news of his
III:102-147 Quarreled with Agamemnon, recommending a speedy return from Troy.
III:148-200 His ships joined Nestor’s during the
return from Troy.
III:201-252 Telemachus asks about Menelaus’ return from
III:253-312 Menelaus returned safely by way of Crete and Egypt.
III:313-355 Nestor advises Telemachus to visit him. Described as
IV:1-58 Bk XVII:107-165 Telemachus arrives at his palace, and
Menelaus offers hospitality.
IV:59-112 His wanderings. He grieves for Odysseus.
IV:113-154 He recognises Telemachus must be Odysseus’s son once Helen has acknowledged the resemblance.
IV:155-219 He attests his love for Odysseus.
IV:220-289 He speaks about the Wooden Horse.
IV:290-350 He promises to tell Telemachus all he knows of Odysseus.
IV:398-463 He captured Proteus.
IV:464-511 Proteus advises him that he must return to Egypt before sailing home and relates the fate
of Ajax the Lesser.
IV:548-592 Proteus tells Menelaus of his fate.
IV:593-624 Telemachus seeks to
leave Sparta. He gives him gifts.
VIII:469-520 He and Odysseus attacked Deiphobus’ house at the fall of Troy.
XI:385-464 King of Sparta. Agamemnon’s ghost mentions him.
XIII:366-415 Bk XIII:416-440 Athene goes to seek Telemachus at his palace.
XIV:457-506 Odysseus invents a tale of himself and Menelaus at Troy.
XV:1-55 Athene finds Telemachus in Menelaus’ palace.
XV:56-119 Bk XV:120-182 Bk XV:183-221 He chooses gifts for Telemachus
and sees him off.
XVII:61-106 Peiraeus is custodian of
his gifts to Telemachus.
XXIV:98-204 He visited Ithaca with Agamemnon.
The son of Opus, and father of Patroclus.
King of the Taphians, a friend of Odysseus.
I:96-155 Bk I:156-212Bk I:365-420 Athene
disguises herself as him to visit Telemachus.
friend of Odysseus, whom Odysseus left in
charge of his house when leaving for Troy.
II:223-259 He supports Telemachus
in the assembly.
II:260-295 Bk II:382-434 Bk III:1-50 Athene
assumes his form to aid Telemachus.
III:201-252 Athene still assumes his form at Nestor’s
IV:625-674 Noemon is confused by
presence in two places at once.
XVII:61-106 Telemachus recognises
him as an old friend of Odysseus.
XXII:200-240 Bk XXII:241-309 Athene
assumes his form to help Odysseus. He is the son of Alcimus.
XXIV:412-462 Medon claims to have recognised Athene in
XXIV:502-54 Disguised as Mentor,
Athene makes peace.
The father of Ilus.
A slave belonging to Eumaeus.
XIV:409-456 Purchased from the Taphians.
region of south-western Greece.
Bk XXI:1-79Odysseus met
The large peninsula on the west
coast of Turkey
III:148-200 A possible route for Nestor’s ships, but
King of Crete. A son of Zeus.
XI:225-332 Father of Ariadne.
XI:541-592 Zeus made him a judge of the dead in the Underworld.
XVII:505-550 The Cretans are his descendants.
XIX:164-219 Her ruled Crete from Cnossus, and Homer implies sone kind of
nine-year cycle associated with divine kingship.
Squire to Amphinomus of Dulichium.
XVIII:394-428 He mixes wine for the Suitors.
The daughter of Mnemosyne,
goddess of Memory, and Zeus. Patroness of
poetry and literature.
I:1-21 Invoked by Homer.
VIII:62-103 She loves and inspires the bard Demodocus. She robbed him of sight but
gave him the gift of song.
VIII:469-520 The daughter of Zeus.
XXIV:57-97 Here the Muse is both one and nine-fold. The nine Muses sing the
dirge for the dead Achilles.
The royal city in the Argolis,
near the cities of Argos and Tiryns.
Excavated by Schliemann who opened the beehive tombs of the royal tomb circle.
Famous for its Lion Gate once topped perhaps by a statue of the Cretan Great Goddess.
III:253-312 Ruled by King Agamemnon. Aegisthus usurped the throne after murdering
Agamamenon, but was in turn killed by Orestes.
Bk XXI:80-135 A major city of Achaea, noted for its women.
An ancient heroine.
II:85-128 A famous woman of early Greece.
The Myrmidons, a race of men led
by Achilles to the war against Troy. The name presumably derived from the
Greek word for ant, μύρμηξ. In later
mythology said to be a race created from ants.
III:148-200 They returned safely from Troy.
IV:1-58 Ruled by Achilles’ son Neoptolemus after
the Trojan war.
XI:465-540 Once ruled by Peleus, then
his son Achilles.
The father of
VIII:104-151 Said to be the finest of the Phaeacians after Laodamas.
Daughter of Alcinous, king of the Phaeacians, and Arete
VI:1-47 Athene prompts her to go and wash
clothes by the shore.
VI:48-109 She goes to the river and shore.
Bk VI:110-148 Bk
VI:149-197 Bk VII:240-297 She meets Odysseus.
Bk VI:198-250 She offers Odysseus hospitality.
Bk VI:251-315 She gives Odysseus directions.
Bk VII:1-77 She reaches the palace. Her
Bk VIII:416-468 She hopes Odysseus will
remember her for saving his life.
The father of Alcinous, who led the Phaeacians to Scherie.
VII:1-77 The son of Poseidon and Periboea. Founder of Alcinous’ line.
VIII:521-585 His tale of Poseidon’s anger with the Phaeacians, and his
VIII:104-151 He competes in the Games.
The mother of the nymphs Phaethusa and Lampetia
by the Sun-god.
XII:111-164 She sent them to guard his flocks.
A prominent peak on Ithaca.
I:156-212 Bk III:51-101 Mentioned.
King of Pylos, son of Poseidon
and the nymph Tyro. Father of Nestor, and his eleven brothers including Periclymenus.
III:1-50 Bk III:51-101 Bk III:201-252 Mentioned as father of Nestor.
III:404-463 Bk IV:625-674 Once the king
XI:225-332 Neleus drove the Lelegians out of Pylos and became its king.
XV:222-270 Melampus won Neleus’ daughter Pero for his brother Bias.
The son of Achilles.
IV:1-58 He married Hermione.
XI:465-540 His presence at Troy.
Praised by Odysseus to his father
Achilles’ ghost. Andromache was his
citadel on the coast of mainland Greece.
XXIV:356-411 Taken by Laertes.
A mountain on Ithaca.
IX:1-62 Mentioned by Odysseus.
XIII:311-365 Athene points it out to
A co-builder of the Fountain of the Nymphs on Ithaca.
King of Pylos, and son of Neleus.
Noted in the Iliad for his wisdom and eloquence.
I:252-305 Athene suggests Telemachus visit him to seek news of his
III:1-50 Called ‘the tamer of horses’, noted for his wisdom and honesty.
Athene advises Telemachus to approach him directly.
III:51-101 Called Gerenian, from Gerenia. The grandson of Poseidon to whom Athene,
as Mentor, purports to pray, for his and his sons’ glory.
III:102-147 He describes the Atreides
III:201-252 He answers Telemachus.
III:313-355 Bk XVII:107-165 He
advises Telemachus to seek out Menelaus. He displays
III:356-403 He recognises Athene’s
presence, and offers prayers to her.
III:404-463 He sacrifices to Athene.
III:464-497 His youngest daughter Polycaste.
IV:59-112 Bk IV:155-219 Bk XV:1-55 Bk
XV:120-182 His son Peisistratus.
IV:464-511 He initially sailed home with Menelaus,
but their ships were separated.
XI:225-332 The son of Neleus and Chloris.
XI:465-540 Famous for his eloquence and wisdom.
The father of Amphinomus.
XVI:393-451 Bk XVIII:117-157 Bk XVIII:394-428 Mentioned. A nobleman with
a reputation for good sense and peaceful ways.
The son of Phronius, an Ithacan.
II:382-434 He provides a ship for Athene
IV:625-674 He reveals Telemachus journey to the Suitors, and is puzzled by Mentor’s
presence in two places at once.
Lesser female divinities of
streams, water, hills, trees etc.
VI:48-109 Followers of Artemis.
IX:152-192 Daughters of Zeus.
XII:260-319 Their cave and dancing place on Thrinacia.
XIII:96-158 Bk XIII:311-365 The
Naiads, or sea-nymphs. Their cave on Ithaca. (Note the
later use of the imagery here in a Neo-Platonic symbolic context, e.g.
XIV:409-456 Eumaeus sets aside a
portion of meat and prays to them.
XVII:204-253 The Fountain of the Nymphs on Ithaca.